Rap music gets kids to spot stroke and call 911

NEW YORK Fri Oct 10, 2008 1:02am IST

Related Topics

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A novel stroke education program that uses hip-hop music to teach 9- to 11-year-olds living in a high-risk community to recognize when a person is having a stroke and summon help quickly can work, researchers have found.

"Hip-Hop Stroke" incorporates into rap lyrics the "FAST" mnemonic - that is, that changes in the Face (droopiness), Arm (weakness), and Speech (slurring of words) often occur during a stroke and that as soon as these symptoms are seen, it is Time to call 911.

Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability in the U.S. and the third leading cause of death. Typically, only 3 percent of U.S. stroke patients are treated with emergency clot-busting therapy, which has been shown to significantly reduce disability.

Dr. Olajide Williams told Reuters Health: "The major reasons for the appalling statistics regarding emergency stroke treatment are related to the strict 3-hour time window within which treatment must be given and the failure of patients to get to the hospital within this strict treatment time window, which is directly linked to poor public recognition of cardinal stroke symptoms and the urgency of calling 911."

Williams and colleagues tested Hip-Hop Stroke in 582 students from two central Harlem, New York City elementary schools. They measured the students' stroke knowledge before and after they participated in 1-hour sessions over 3 consecutive days.

Overall, Williams told Reuters Health, the results showed that elementary school children in fourth, fifth, and sixth grades are "highly educable" about the warning symptoms and signs of stroke.

Moreover, they retain their newly acquired stroke knowledge for at least 3 months "and are capable of acting as first responders."

In the medical journal Stroke, the researchers report that, after finishing the Hip-Hop Stroke program, two children reported witnessing the sudden onset of stroke symptoms and appropriately got help. One sixth grader called 911 when a grandparent experienced stroke symptoms and one fourth grader was present when an older woman at a subway station suddenly dropped her groceries and slurred her words. "On his own, he called 911 from a pay phone on the subway platform."

SOURCE: Stroke, September 2008.

FILED UNDER:

REUTERS EXCLUSIVE

Reuters Showcase

Indian Healthcare

Indian Healthcare

Exclusive - Payment delays dent India's flagship health, AIDS programmes  Full Article 

India-Pakistan Ties

India-Pakistan Ties

Indian, Pakistani foreign secretaries to meet in Islamabad.  Full Article 

Food Security

Food Security

India will not cut multi-billion dollar food handout programme - PM   Full Article 

Ola's Expansion Drive

Ola's Expansion Drive

Taxi group Ola steps up expansion drive  Full Article 

Controversial Film

Controversial Film

Film on 2012 Delhi gang rape stokes debate on Indian male mindset  Full Article 

Sahara Saga

Sahara Saga

Sahara's Grosvenor House hotel in London put up for sale   Full Article 

Beef Trade

Beef Trade

Maharashtra clamps down on beef trade through new act  Full Article 

Environment Concerns

Environment Concerns

Deforestation could shift monsoons, leaving India high and dry.  Full Article 

 'Smart Cities'

'Smart Cities'

India's 'smart cities' would be stupid without disaster strategy  Full Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device.  Full Coverage