JPMorgan cuts India growth forecast, sees rate cuts
MUMBAI (Reuters) - JPMorgan has cut its forecast for India's economic growth in 2008/09 and 2009/10, it said in a note on Monday, adding that it expects aggressive rate cuts by the Reserve Bank to support the growth momentum.
The Indian economy may grow 6.7 percent in the year ending March 2009, JPMorgan said, down from its earlier forecast of 7 percent. The economy may grow 6.2 percent in 2009/10, down from its previous estimate of 6.8 percent, the bank said.
"The moderation in exports, small business output, and real estate related activity could crimp urban consumer spending as employment and household income growth slackens," JPMorgan said in the note.
India's economy grew at an annual rate of 9 percent or more in the past three years, second only to China among the major economies. Last month, the Reserve Bank cut its estimate for FY09 growth to 7.5-8.0 percent, but analysts expect it to be lower.
Other global financial groups like Citigroup, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley and Nomura have also lowered their estimates for India's GDP growth over the past one month.
"As global and domestic financial conditions are likely to ease in the rest of this fiscal year and over the course of next year, some recovery is on the cards... but it is unlikely to completely reverse the trend," JPMorgan said.
"Consequently, investment growth - the major driver of activity growth in India over the past five years - will likely moderate." The Reserve Bank could lower rates again if liquidity conditions do not ease sufficiently or signs of further economic slowdown emerge, JPMorgan said, adding that the drop in inflation to single-digit levels allows for easier monetary policy.
It expects the Reserve Bank to cut its repo rate, at which it lends funds to banks, by another 50 basis points and along with an identical reduction in reserve requirement by its January policy review.
"Alternatively, the RBI could cut the repo rate by 100 basis points - in which case the reverse repo would also be reduced 50 basis points in order to keep the gap between the repo and the reverse repo rates at 100 basis points," it said.
Over the past month, the Reserve Bank has reduced the repo rate by 150 basis points to 7.5 percent, the cash reserve ratio by 350 basis points to 5.5 percent, and the ratio of deposits banks must invest in bonds, by 100 basis points to 24 percent.
"If needed, there is also scope to reduce the SLR (statutory liquidity ratio) further by another 150-200 basis points, at least temporarily," it said.
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India's economic growth probably slowed to around 5 percent in the three months to September, slipping from 5.7 percent in the previous quarter, two senior finance ministry sources said, putting pressure on the central bank to cut interest rates. Full Article