EU energy chief clamps down on threat from biofuel

Thu Jun 10, 2010 6:56pm IST

Stocks

   
Border Security Force (BSF) soldiers ride their camels as they rehearse for the "Beating the Retreat" ceremony in New Delhi January 27, 2015. REUTERS/Ahmad Masood

"Beating The Retreat" Rehearsals

Rehearsals are on for "Beating the Retreat" ceremony which symbolises retreat after a day on the battlefield, and marks the official end of the Republic Day celebrations.  Slideshow 

* EU energy chief sets new green standards for biofuels

* Oettinger says new rules not a barrier to trade

* Critics charge that indirect impacts are not dealt with

By Pete Harrison

BRUSSELS, June 10 (Reuters) - The European Union's energy chief set new green standards for biofuels on Thursday to discourage companies from felling forests to grow profitable biodiesel or bioethanol crops.

"We've got to make sure all the biofuels we use are sustainable for the climate, for woods and forests and for unspoiled nature," European Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger told reporters.

The EU wants to obtain 10 percent of its road fuels from renewable sources by 2020. Oettinger said between 6 and 9 percentage points of that amount was expected to come from land-using crops such as grains, palms or sugar cane.

Within the next decade, that could create a market worth $17 billion a year, eyed by both European farmers and growers in Brazil and Asia such as Indonesia's PT SMART (SMAR.JK) and Malaysia's Sime Darby (SIME.KL).

Critics say the target creates an incentive for farmers to hack into forests to create space to grow fuel crops.

Burning forests to clear land can pump vast quantities of climate-warming emissions into the atmosphere, enough to cancel out any of the theoretical benefits the biofuels were meant to bring in the first place.

The new sustainability criteria state that biofuels used to meet EU targets must save at least 35 percent of greenhouse gases compared to oil and cannot come from recently cleared land. Monitors will be paid to enforce the standards.

The criteria add to a growing list of challenges for Asia's palm industry, including Indonesia's $1 billion climate deal with Norway last month [ID:nSGE65209C] and consumer worries about deforestation [ID:nSGE62O0AG].

"We have the toughest criteria worldwide," said Oettinger. "We're trying to export our ecological standards. You are not allowed to chop down woods to grow palm oil plantations."

"In a few years time, when you fill up your car at a petrol pump, you could see a logo showing the fuel you are putting into your car is good for the environment."

OVER-SIMPLISTIC

Environmentalists said the standards were over-simplistic because they do not take account of "indirect land use change".

Put simply, if you switch a field of grain to biofuel, somebody will go hungry unless those missing tonnes of wheat are grown elsewhere or farming yields are vastly improved.

In a globalised world, the options for replacing the missing grain are unlimited, with a fleet of about 350 giant bulk ships ready to ferry the shortfall from anywhere -- and often from a country that is burning its forests to expand farmland.

The quantities of land needed are huge. Satisfying the EU's thirst for biofuels would need an additional 5.2 million hectares of land by 2020, according to a recent scientific estimate -- a bigger area than the Netherlands.

"As long as the Commission is unwilling to deal with the issue of indirect land use change, all attempts by the EU to brand biofuels as sustainable will be misleading, counterproductive and destined for failure," said Nusa Urbancic of green transport campaigners T&E.

Oettinger said he was monitoring any new science that might shed light on the problem and was prepared to act.

"If you want to exclude all abuse, you would have to exclude all biofuels to start with ... but I believe they offer more opportunities than dangers," he said.

He dismissed charges by Asian biofuels lobbyists that the EU was using the environment as an excuse to erect trade barriers.

(Editing by Jane Baird)

Photo

After wave of QE, onus shifts to leaders to boost economy

DAVOS, Switzerland - Central banks have done their best to rescue the world economy by printing money and politicians must now act fast to enact structural reforms and pro-investment policies to boost growth, central bankers said on Saturday.

Reuters Showcase

Telecom Sector

Telecom Sector

India postpones mobile airwave auction to March 4.  Full Article 

Business Strategy

Business Strategy

Uber scraps commissions for its New Delhi taxis.  Full Article 

Currencies

Currencies

China's yuan breaks into the world's top five as payment currency - SWIFT.  Full Article 

India’s Male Tenor

India’s Male Tenor

India’s lone male tenor wants to ‘Indianise’ opera  Full Article 

Job Cuts

Job Cuts

Sony to cut 1,000 jobs in smartphone business - sources.  Full Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device  Full Coverage