INTERVIEW - Turkey needs to re-interpret secularism - senior MP

ANKARA Wed Oct 13, 2010 7:32pm IST

Related Topics

Rajalakshmi (C), 28, smiles after winning the Miss Wheelchair India beauty pageant in Mumbai November 26, 2014. REUTERS/Danish Siddiqui

Miss Wheelchair India

Seven women from across India participated in the country's second wheelchair beauty pageant, which aims to open doors for the wheelchair-bound in modelling, film and television, according to organisers  Slideshow 

ANKARA (Reuters) - Turkey has to re-interpret its principles of secularism to adapt to a changing society, an AK Party member in charge of drafting a new constitution said, joining a growing debate over the Muslim country's identity.

Turkey, a rising regional power which aspires to join the European Union, was founded by Kemal Ataturk as a secular republic on the ruins of the Ottoman Empire after World War I.

But a power shift led by a new middle class of observant Muslims which forms the backbone of the AKP government is challenging Turkey's ability to reconcile Islam and secularism.

In the lastest twist of a long-running dispute, Turkey's Higher Education Board last week ordered Istanbul University, one of Turkey's biggest, to stop teachers from expelling female students who wear the Muslim headscarf from classes.

The headscarf, banned at university and public institutions, is one of the most touchy issues in the culture wars.

"We respect Turkey's principles of secularism, but these need to be re-interpreted," said Burhan Kuzu, chairman of the constitutional commission in parliament, controlled by the AKP.

"The headscarf issue for example is not about secularism, but about individual liberties. Turkey's new constitution should focus on democratic values and individual rights," he said.

Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan, who comfortably won a referendum last month on government-sponsored constitutional reforms, has declared plans for a brand-new constitution to replace one written in the aftermath of a 1980 military coup.

The AKP evolved from banned Islamist parties and is mistrusted by rivals, who suspect it wants to roll back secularism and introduce sharia.

In an interview with Reuters late on Tuesday, Kuzun repeated the party's stance that charges it has a hidden agenda are scare-mongering tactics. He said a new draft charter, which should be unveiled after a June election, should have consensus.

"AK has been in power since 2002 and there is not a single incident of the government interfering in people's lifestyle."

PRESSURE

The party describes itself as akin to Europe's conservative Christian Democrat parties, liberal on economic policies but conservative on social issues. Erdogan's wife wears a headscarf.

Secularists, dominant until the advent of the party, fear increasing social conservatism and "neighbourhood pressure" will force change on Turkey and that an end to the headscarf ban in colleges will open the gates to rapid Islamisation of society.

Higher Education Board chief Yusuf Ozcan said he was equally determined to defend the rights of students with no headscarves.

Gungor Mengi, the editor of liberal Vatan daily wrote: "Ozcan's guarantee is proof that he agrees with the risk that such a pressure on uncovered girls exist."

Such a debate would have been unthinkable a few years ago.

The military, self-proclaimed guardians of secularism, have ousted four elected governments. An attempt by the AKP to lift the headscarf ban nearly three years ago almost led to the party being closed down by the Constitutional Court.

But the generals' powers have been clipped by reforms aimed at bringing Turkey closer to the EU.

Kemal Kilicdaroglu, leader of the secular opposition, said he was willing to find a solution to the headscarf problem.

With symbols of Islam becoming more common, there is speculation about whether the generals will attend a reception at the presidential palace to mark National Day on Oct. 29.

President Abdullah Gul, whose wife also wears a headscarf, normally holds two separate receptions to avoid having the generals shake hands with his covered wife, but this year Gul reportedly plans to hold just one event.

(Editing by Andrew Roche)

FILED UNDER:

SAARC Summit

REUTERS SHOWCASE

Ferguson Riots

Ferguson Riots

Streets of Ferguson quiet after two nights of racial unrest.  Full Article 

Sedition Act

Sedition Act

Malaysia to retain and prop up Sedition Act, says PM.  Full Article 

Hong Kong Protests

Hong Kong Protests

Hong Kong student leader banned from Mong Kok protest site.  Full Article 

Poll Pushed Back

Poll Pushed Back

Thai election pushed back to 2016 - deputy PM.  Full Article 

Taiwan Election

Taiwan Election

Taiwan vote tests waters for pro-China govt ahead of presidential polls  Full Article 

Rakhine Plight

Rakhine Plight

Exclusive - Poor and besieged, Myanmar's Rakhine join Rohingya exodus  Full Article 

Ebola Outbreak

Ebola Outbreak

Ebola vaccine from Glaxo passes early safety test  Full Article 

Korea Ferry Crew

Korea Ferry Crew

Stigma and isolation haunt S.Korean families of convicted ferry crew  Full Article 

Zero Tolerance

Zero Tolerance

China takes "zero tolerance" approach to regional polluters: Cabinet.  Full Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device  Full Coverage