TIMELINE - Protests in Egypt

Tue Feb 8, 2011 7:11pm IST

Police fire tear gas during a demonstration in Cairo January 28, 2011.  REUTERS/Asmaa Waguih/Files

Police fire tear gas during a demonstration in Cairo January 28, 2011.

Credit: Reuters/Asmaa Waguih/Files

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REUTERS - Here is a timeline of events in Egypt since protests began.

Jan. 25 - Thousands of Egyptians demand an end to President Hosni Mubarak's rule and clash with police in a "Day of Wrath" of anti-government demonstrations inspired by the downfall of Tunisia's President Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali on Jan. 14.

Jan. 26 - In unprecedented scenes, police fight with thousands of Egyptians who defy a government ban to protest against Mubarak's rule. Security forces arrest about 500 demonstrators over the two days.

Jan. 27 - Mohamed ElBaradei, reform campaigner and former head of the IAEA, arrives in Cairo.

Jan. 28 - At least 24 people are killed and more than 1,000 injured in clashes throughout Egypt. Mubarak extends a curfew to all cities.

-- Mubarak orders troops and tanks into cities overnight to quell demonstrations. Thousands cheer at the news of the intervention of the army, which is seen as neutral, unlike the police who are regularly deployed to stifle dissent.

Jan. 29 - Mubarak sacks his cabinet but refuses to step down. Protesters stream back into Cairo's central Tahrir Square in the early hours after Mubarak's announcement.

-- Mubarak names intelligence chief Omar Suleiman as vice-president.

-- Thousands of protesters continue to roam the streets after a curfew starts. Egyptians form vigilante groups to guard property against looters.

Jan. 31 - Egypt's army says it will not use force against Egyptians staging protests. It says freedom of expression is guaranteed to all citizens using peaceful means.

-- Egypt swears in a new government. Suleiman says Mubarak has asked him to start dialogue with all political forces.

-- Thousands in Tahrir Square hours after curfew, in a good-natured gathering, call for the president to quit.

Feb. 1 - Mubarak declares he will surrender power when his term ends in September, offering a mixture of concessions and defiance in a televised statement.

-- Around 1 million Egyptians protest throughout the country for Mubarak to step down immediately.

Feb. 2 - The army calls for protesters to leave the streets and curfew hours are eased. Crowds gather in Tahrir Square for a ninth day of protest, rejecting Mubarak's timetable to leave.

-- Troops make no attempt to intervene as violence breaks out between pro- and anti-Mubarak groups in Tahrir Square. Anti-government protesters say the attackers were police in civilian clothes.

-- A Foreign Ministry statement rejects U.S. and European calls for political transition to start immediately.

Feb. 3 - Gunmen fire on anti-government protesters in Cairo, where about 10 are killed and more than 830 injured in fighting. The U.N. estimates that 300 people have died in the unrest.

-- In the northeast, 4,000 people march in Suez calling for Mubarak to step down.

Feb 4 - Thousands of Egyptians gather in Tahrir Square to again press for an end to Mubarak's rule, in what they call the "Day of Departure".

Feb. 5 - Gamal Mubarak, son of the president, resigns from the leadership of Egypt's ruling party.

Feb. 6 - Opposition groups, including the banned Muslim Brotherhood, hold talks with the government, chaired by the vice-president. They say a core demand for the removal of Mubarak is not met. The sides agree to draft a road map for talks and a committee is set up to study constitutional issues.

-- Banks re-open after a week-long closure.

-- Thousands gather in Tahrir Square joining noon prayers to honour "martyrs" killed in the bloodshed.

Feb. 7 - MENA reports Mubarak has set up two committees to draw up changes to the constitution.

-- The stock market remains closed, to reopen on Feb. 13.

-- Opposition figures report little progress in talks with the government. The Muslim Brotherhood says it could quit the process if demands are not met, including the immediate exit of Mubarak.

Feb. 8 - Vice President Suleiman says Egypt has a timetable for the peaceful transfer of power. He promises no reprisals against the protesters.

-- Protesters camped in Tahrir Square accuse the government of playing for time and swear they will not give up until the current "half revolution" is complete.

(For full Reuters Africa coverage and to have your say on the top issues, visit: africa.reuters.com/)

(Writing by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit;)


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