TIMELINE - The making of Gandhi dynasty

NEW DELHI Tue Sep 27, 2011 3:27pm IST

Congress chief Sonia Gandhi (L) and her son MP Rahul Gandhi watch the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 semi-final match between India and Pakistan in Mohali in this March 30, 2011 file photo. REUTERS/Vivek Prakash/Files

Congress chief Sonia Gandhi (L) and her son MP Rahul Gandhi watch the ICC Cricket World Cup 2011 semi-final match between India and Pakistan in Mohali in this March 30, 2011 file photo.

Credit: Reuters/Vivek Prakash/Files

Related Topics

NEW DELHI (Reuters) - The Nehru-Gandhi family political dynasty has no other equivalent in the world, combining the birthright of royalty with the tragic glamour of the Kennedy clan. A member of the family has been in charge of India for more than two-thirds of the period since independence from Britain in 1947.

Here are highlights of the family's history.

1947 - Jawaharlal Nehru is elected by the Indian National Congress as the first prime minister of independent India.

1964 - Nehru dies after 17 years as prime minister. His only child, Indira Gandhi, joins cabinet

1966 - Indira Gandhi becomes the first woman to hold prime minister's office in India

1975 - Following public unrest after a high court finds Indira Gandhi guilty of electoral corruption, she declares a state of emergency on June 25.

1977 - Indira Gandhi loses election to coalition led by Janata Party, comprising nearly all of Indira's opponents.

1980 - Indira Gandhi returns for her fourth term as prime minister as Congress wins elections with a landslide.

1984 - Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two of her Sikh bodyguards after Indian army attacks militants holed up in Golden Temple.

1984 - Following the death of his younger brother Sanjay Gandhi in 1980 and mother's assassination, Rajiv Gandhi reluctantly takes the prime minister's job at the age of 40.

1989 - A corruption scandal surrounding the Bofors arms deal taints image of Rajiv Gandhi, resulting in Congress's defeat in the 1989 elections.

1991 - Still holding post of Congress President, Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by Tamil Tiger suicide bomber. He is survived by his widow Sonia and a son, Rahul, and daughter Priyanka.

1998 - Rajiv Gandhi's widow Sonia Gandhi elected as the president of the struggling Congress party.

1999 - Sonia Gandhi defeated by Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party in general election.

2004 - Sonia Gandhi leads Congress to victory election. She appoints former finance minister Manmohan Singh as prime minister. Her oldest child Rahul Gandhi elected to parliament for first time.

2007 - Rahul Gandhi is appointed as a general secretary to the Congress party in charge of the Indian Youth Congress.

2009 - Under Sonia Gandhi's guidance, the Congress-led government is re-elected with Manmohan Singh as prime minister.

2011 - Congress head Sonia Gandhi returns to New Delhi on September 8 after a month in the United States where she underwent surgery for an undisclosed ailment.

(Reporting by Annie Banerji; Editing by Bill Tarrant)

Comments (0)
This discussion is now closed. We welcome comments on our articles for a limited period after their publication.

  • Most Popular
  • Most Shared

Kerry in India


Tax Trouble

Tax Trouble

SpiceJet in talks with tax authorities.  Full Article 

Chopper Deal

Chopper Deal

CBI to press ahead with Finmeccanica helicopter probe - spokeswoman.  Full Article 

Gaza Violence

Gaza Violence

Carnage at U.N. school as Israel pounds Gaza refugee camp.  Full Article 



Amazon says to invest $2 billion more in India.  Full Article 

Graft Investigation

Graft Investigation

With "Big Tiger" caught, Chinese media can finally name its prey.  Full Article 

Thai Politics

Thai Politics

Thai junta to keep tight grip after transfer of power.  Full Article 


Goodbye Kallis

Kallis quits ODI format months before World Cup.  Full Article 

U.S.-Russia Faceoff

U.S.-Russia Faceoff

Obama says strains over Ukraine not leading to new Cold War with Russia.  Full Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device.  Full Coverage