TIMELINE - Flashpoints and flare-ups in India-Pakistan ties

Sun Apr 8, 2012 4:03pm IST

Children of slum dwellers tie India and Pakistan national flags at a workshop run by a non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Chandigarh March 28, 2011. REUTERS/Ajay Verma/Files

Children of slum dwellers tie India and Pakistan national flags at a workshop run by a non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Chandigarh March 28, 2011.

Credit: Reuters/Ajay Verma/Files

Related Topics

Border Security Force (BSF) soldiers ride their camels as they rehearse for the "Beating the Retreat" ceremony in New Delhi January 27, 2015. REUTERS/Ahmad Masood

"Beating The Retreat" Rehearsals

Rehearsals are on for "Beating the Retreat" ceremony which symbolises retreat after a day on the battlefield, and marks the official end of the Republic Day celebrations.  Slideshow 

REUTERS - Here is a look some highs and lows in relations between India and Pakistan as Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari meets for lunch with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in New Delhi on Sunday.

1947 - Britain divides its Indian empire into secular but mainly Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan, triggering one of the greatest and bloodiest migrations of modern history.

1947/48 - India and Pakistan go to war over Kashmir. The war ends with a U.N.-ordered ceasefire and resolution seeking a plebiscite for the people of Jammu and Kashmir to decide whether to become part of India or Pakistan.

1965 - India and Pakistan fight their second war over Kashmir. Fighting ends after United Nations calls for ceasefire.

1971 - Pakistan and India go to war a third time, this time over East Pakistan, which becomes independent Bangladesh.

1972 - Pakistani Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi sign agreement in Indian town of Simla to lay principles meant to govern relations.

1974 - India detonates its first nuclear device.

1989 - Separatist revolt starts in Indian Kashmir. India accuses Pakistan of arming and sending Islamist militants into Indian Kashmir, which Pakistan denies.

1998 - India carries out nuclear tests. Pakistan carries out its own tests in response.

February 1999 - Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee holds summit with his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif in Lahore.

1999 - India and Pakistan wage brief conflict in the mountains above Kargil on the Line of Control, the ceasefire line dividing Jammu and Kashmir.

July 2001 - Summit between Pakistani leader General Pervez Musharraf and Vajpayee in Agra in India ends in failure.

December 2001 - Militants attack Indian parliament. India blames Pakistan-based Kashmiri separatist groups Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammad. One million troops are mobilised on either side of the border; war only averted months later in June 2002.

2003 - Pakistan, India agree ceasefire on the Line of Control.

2004 - The two countries launch a formal peace process.

November 2008 - Ten gunmen launch three days of multiple attacks in Mumbai, killing 166. India blames Pakistan-based militants and breaks off talks with Pakistan.

February 2009 - India cautiously welcomes Pakistan's investigation into the Mumbai attack. Pakistan admits the attack was launched and partly planned from Pakistan.

March 2009 - India's home minister says it is not clear who is in control of Pakistan.

June 2009 - Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari meet on the sidelines of an international meeting in Russia. Singh tells Zardari he wants him to ensure militants cannot operate from Pakistan.

July 2009 - India and Pakistan agree to fight terrorism jointly. But Singh, after talks with Pakistani Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani in Egypt, rules out a resumption of formal peace talks that Islamabad had been seeking.

August 2009 - India gives Pakistan new evidence to investigate the Mumbai attacks and prosecute Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, suspected mastermind of the carnage.

April 2010 - The prime ministers of India and Pakistan hold "very good talks" pledge steps to normalise relations.

July 2010 - Pakistan says that India's "selective" approach has led to what analysts say is a stalemate in talks on building trust. Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi meets Indian counterpart S.M. Krishna, but no new measures announced.

March 2011 - Singh invites Gilani to watch an historic World Cup cricket match between the two sides and discuss reviving the peace process. India beat Pakistan in the match.

May 2011 - Indian and Pakistani troops exchange cross-border fire after an Indian soldier is killed by Pakistani troops in Kashmir. After talks, India and Pakistan break no ice on how to demilitarise the no-man's land above the Siachen glacier.

July 2011 - India's and Pakistan's foreign ministers hold talks in New Delhi, hailing a "new era" in ties.

November 2011 - Pakistan decides to grant India Most Favoured Nation trade status. Singh and Gilani promise a new chapter in their history after discussions at the Maldives.

-- Pakistan takes further steps toward normal trade and travel ties with India, agreeing to open most commerce by February 2012 and ease visa rules.

April 2012 -- Zardari meets Singh in New Delhi in the highest-level meeting on each other's soil in seven years.

(Compiled by Zeeshan Haider; Additional reporting and editing by David Cutler; London Editorial Reference Unit)


After wave of QE, onus shifts to leaders to boost economy

DAVOS, Switzerland - Central banks have done their best to rescue the world economy by printing money and politicians must now act fast to enact structural reforms and pro-investment policies to boost growth, central bankers said on Saturday.

Reuters Showcase

ONGC Share Sale

ONGC Share Sale

ONGC share sale scheduled for this fiscal - oil minister  Full Article 

The Apple logo is pictured inside the newly opened Omotesando Apple store at a shopping district in Tokyo June 26, 2014. REUTERS/Yuya Shino/Files

Record Earnings

Apple iPhone sales trample expectations as profit sets global record  Full Article 

'Umrika' At Sundance

'Umrika' At Sundance

From Oscars to Sundance, Sharma and Revolori discuss India's 'Umrika'  Full Article 

Australian Open

Australian Open

Smooth Wawrinka, ill Serena through to Melbourne semis   Full Article 

India's Male Tenor

India's Male Tenor

India's lone male tenor aims to sing opera in local key  Full Article 

Japan Hostages

Japan Hostages

Mother of Japanese captive begs PM to save son held by Islamic State  Full Article 

Tripoli Attack

Tripoli Attack

Frenchman, American among those killed in Tripoli hotel attack - Libyan official.  Full Article 

U.S. Blizzard

U.S. Blizzard

Blizzard hits Boston and New England, spares New York despite forecasts.  Full Article 

Spying Row

Spying Row

Spying program leaked by Snowden is tied to campaign in many countries.  Full Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device  Full Coverage