Politicians break constitution deadlock in unstable Nepal

KATHMANDU Tue May 15, 2012 8:23pm IST

Nepalese lawmakers raise their hands agreeing to extend the term of parliament in Kathmandu May 28, 2011. REUTERS/Navesh Chitrakar/Files

Nepalese lawmakers raise their hands agreeing to extend the term of parliament in Kathmandu May 28, 2011.

Credit: Reuters/Navesh Chitrakar/Files

Related Topics

Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, daughter of Congress party chief Sonia Gandhi, adjusts her flower garlands as she campaigns for her mother during an election meeting at Rae Bareli in Uttar Pradesh April 22, 2014. REUTERS/Pawan Kumar

Election 2014

More than 814 million people — a number larger than the population of Europe — are eligible to vote in the world’s biggest democratic exercise.  Full Coverage 

KATHMANDU (Reuters) - Nepal is set to finalise its new constitution by a May 27 deadline, political parties said on Tuesday, in a breakthrough that could help end instability dogging the volatile Himalayan republic dependent on aid and tourism.

But some analysts suggested that key issues, like the boundaries between newly-created states, would remain unsolved and could be a source of further upheaval.

Tucked between China and India, Nepal has remained gripped by political turmoil since the end of a conflict with Maoists in 2006 and the abolition of the monarchy two years later.

A constituent assembly dominated by the Maoists has missed several deadlines to prepare the majority-Hindu nation's first republican, federal constitution owing to differences between political parties over the creation of states and their names.

"We have reached a consensus on creating 11 states and their names will be decided by provincial assemblies to be elected later," said Ram Chandra Paudel, a leader of the Nepali Congress party, after a meeting with the Maoists and other parties.

"This means we will prepare the constitution in time. The constitution will take care of the aspirations of all nationalities."

Nepal, slightly larger than Greece in land area, has more than 100 ethnic groups and several are pressing for individual states to be named after them in the new constitution.

Some parties have so far refused to name the states along ethnic lines on grounds that it would raise tension.

The debate has already triggered violence - five people were killed in a blast this month in the southern town of Janakpur during a protest calling for a separate state.

Some analysts said the parties had only agreed on the number of states, leaving the tough job of determining boundaries to a federal panel to be set up later.

"It seems the problem has only been handed over to the future actors and is in no way resolved," said Yubaraj Ghimire, a political analyst.

Ghimire said an agreement to share power between the president and the prime minister in the new constitution could also create a power tussle.

Prolonged instability in Nepal, which sits on the sources of rivers that supply fresh water to millions in South Asia, could have regional implications as energy-hungry China and India jostle for influence.

Unsettled politics has sapped business confidence and disillusioned citizens enduring long daily power cuts, shortage of drinking water and fuel and growing lawlessness.

Tourism, which is recovering from the 10-year-old conflict and accounts for nearly four percent of gross domestic product, could also take a hit if political unrest persisted.

The economy grew 3.5 percent last year - the lowest for four years - and tens of thousands of frustrated young Nepalis leave the country every year to seek menial work in Korea, Malaysia and the Middle East.

(Reporting by Gopal Sharma; Editing by Ron Popeski)

Comments (0)
This discussion is now closed. We welcome comments on our articles for a limited period after their publication.

  • Most Popular
  • Most Shared


Paucity of Rains

Patchy Rain

Met office rules out surplus monsoon in 2014   Full Article 

Boat Tragedy

Boat Tragedy

Boy and girl on Korean ferry tied life jackets together before they drowned.  Full Article 

Ukraine Crisis

Ukraine Crisis

Ukraine forces kill up to five rebels, Russia starts drill near border.  Full Article 

Big Buyback

Big Buyback

Apple expands buybacks by $30 billion.  Full Article 

Put A Ring On It

Put A Ring On It

Actress Jodie Foster marries girlfriend Alexandra Hedison.  Full Article 

Times Top List

Time 100

Janet Yellen, Miley Cyrus odd bedfellows in Time's list of 100 most influential.  Full Article 

Champions League

Champions League

Benzema strike gives Real Madrid edge over holders Bayern Munich.  Full Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device.  Full Coverage