Clinton sees Russia trade move soon, at odds on Syria

VLADIVOSTOK, Russia Sat Sep 8, 2012 2:31pm IST

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton reacts as she visits the Media Center at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit in Vladivostok September 8, 2012. REUTERS/Sergei Karpukhin

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton reacts as she visits the Media Center at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit in Vladivostok September 8, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/Sergei Karpukhin

Related Topics

VLADIVOSTOK, Russia (Reuters) - The U.S. Congress could move this month to upgrade trade relations with Moscow, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on Saturday, but Russia made clear after talks that big differences remained on Syria and Iran.

Clinton, in Russia for a summit of countries on the Pacific Rim, said the U.S. government was working closely with Congress on lifting the 1974 Jackson-Vanik amendment, Cold War-era legislation that has blocked normal trade privileges for Russia.

Changing the legislation is an important part of President Barack Obama's efforts to bolster ties with Russia.

"To make sure our companies get to compete here in Russia, we are working closely with the United States congress to terminate the application to Jackson-Vanik to Russia and grant Russia permanent normalized trade relations," Clinton told business leaders in the Pacific port city of Vladivostok.

"We hope that the Congress will act on this important piece of legislation this month," she said in a speech before the start of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit.

Congress is under pressure to approve the permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) bill because of Russia's entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO), a move the United States backed.

But with concerns in Congress about Moscow's support for Iran and Syria, as well as its broader human rights record, the timing of a vote remains unclear.

Congress could add further conditions to any PNTR legislation, including a measure known as the "Magnitsky bill" to punish Russian officials for alleged human rights violations.

Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney, who has called Russia the "number one geopolitical foe" of the United States, has said he will back PNTR for Russia only if it is accompanied by a measure to target human rights violations.

U.S. officials said Clinton had raised the broad question of human rights at a one-hour meeting with Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, but Lavrov denied the issue came up specifically.

"We did not discuss this issue because the U.S. side knows perfectly well that attempts to replace anti-Soviet legislation with anti-Russian legislation are unacceptable. They know it will inflict real damage to our relations," Lavrov said.

He also told reporters the sides remained divided on foreign policy issues such as the Syrian conflict and Iran's nuclear programme.

"Our U.S. partners prefer measures like threats, increased pressure and new sanctions against both Syria and Iran. We do not agree with this in principle," Lavrov said.


Clinton is standing in at the summit for Obama, who is preparing for the November presidential election.

U.S. officials say Clinton's trip is partially aimed at assessing Russia's push to expand engagement in Asia, which parallels Washington's "pivot" to the Asia-Pacific region after the military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Clinton intended to tell President Vladimir Putin in talks later on Saturday the United States welcomed a bigger Russian role in the region and was seeking to build more cooperation, the officials also said.

Moscow and Washington have been working in concert with other permanent members of the United Nations Security Council to pressure Tehran over its nuclear programme.

On Syria, Washington has accused Moscow and Beijing of blocking efforts at the Security Council to approve tough measures against Damascus as it battles an armed rebellion.

The United States has angered Russia by going outside the United Nations to work with allies to support the Syrian opposition, but Clinton told Lavrov it was possible to return to the United Nations if Moscow and Beijing were ready to forego their vetoes and back stronger measures.

A U.S. official said Clinton, who also visited China this week, made the same comments to Chinese leaders.

Lavrov said Russia expected the Security Council later this month to formally endorse an agreement brokered by former U.N. Syria envoy Kofi Annan which envisages a transitional governing authority for Syria.

(Editing by Douglas Busvine, David Brunnstrom and Janet Lawrence)


Reuters Showcase

India Cricket Chief

India Cricket Chief

Former ICC boss Dalmiya returns as BCCI chief.  Full Article 

S&P on Budget

S&P on Budget

Budget shows commitment to keep fiscal deficit low - S&P.  Full Article 

New Phone

New Phone

Samsung unveils sleek new Galaxy phones to battle Apple.  Full Article 

MH370 Search

MH370 Search

Interview: Australia says hunt for missing MH370 jet may be called off soon.  Full Article 

Blogger's Murder

Blogger's Murder

Bangladesh says arrests main suspect in U.S. blogger Avijit Roy's killing.  Full Article 

England under Fire

England under Fire

Changes demanded after England's latest World Cup flop.  Full Article 

Anti-Putin Rally

Anti-Putin Rally

Anti-Putin protesters rally in New York after Nemtsov's murder.  Full Article 

Brit Awards

Brit Awards

Brit awards shake up British album chart, boost Sam Smith.  Full Article 

Lathmar Holi

In Pics: Lathmar Holi

Images of "Lathmar Holi" at Nandgaon in Uttar Pradesh.  Full Coverage 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device.  Full Coverage