Photojournalists "Witness" war zones in new HBO series

NEW YORK Sat Nov 3, 2012 4:04am IST

The logo for HBO,Home Box Office, the American premium cable television network, owned by Time Warner, is pictured during the HBO presentation at the Cable portion of the Television Critics Association Summer press tour in Beverly Hills, California August 1, 2012. REUTERS/Fred Prouser

The logo for HBO,Home Box Office, the American premium cable television network, owned by Time Warner, is pictured during the HBO presentation at the Cable portion of the Television Critics Association Summer press tour in Beverly Hills, California August 1, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/Fred Prouser

NEW YORK (Reuters) - Some people liken a bad day at work to being in a war zone but for the photojournalists chronicled in HBO's upcoming documentary series "Witness," that's not an exaggeration.

The series, which premieres on November 5 and will air every Monday for the rest of the month, follows photojournalists in Mexico, Libya, South Sudan and Brazil as they navigate violence to report issues such as drug trafficking, gang violence, corruption, and ethnic warfare.

Executive producers Michael Mann and David Frankham said that the series arose from the desire to give viewers a sense of life in these areas that is more comprehensive than most television news programs.

"It really was a reaction to a frustration with the news, a frustration with things being summed up for us in a minute, 30 seconds," Frankham, who also directed most of the segments, said in an interview.

While the series focuses on the experiences of photojournalists, it also strives to illuminate the dynamics of each area's conflict. Frankam hopes the approach will draw in viewers who might not ordinarily be interested in the countries covered. He calls the format of the series "a Trojan horse."

From camping in the forest with a militia hunting Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army in South Sudan to creeping around the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro in the dark to unearth bodies stuffed in wells or burned beyond recognition, "Witness" aims to show the lengths photojournalists go to convey what is happening in conflict zones.

"Sometimes it can be quite violent. Sometimes there can be other people in harm's way. Sometimes there's a whole lot of tough decisions that need to be made, and it's quite a struggle," Frankham said. "These pictures don't just happen in front of them."

INTELLIGENCE IS BIGGEST WEAPON

Though the job entails working in dangerous situations, photojournalist Eros Hoagland said that knowing where the limits are is a crucial part of the job.

"Information, intelligence is the biggest weapon in these types of conflicts, so you've got to realize the information you're putting out there swings two ways - it can help or it can hurt," Hoagland said."

"I just find myself coming across situations more and more and more where I realize partway through that I'm putting someone else in danger if I continue on this line of reporting, and sometimes you have to weigh that against the pros of what message you're going to get out."

Hoagland found himself faced with such a moment when some gang members in one of Rio's favelas (slums) asked him to photograph the local police accepting a bribe. Though bribery is a common occurrence and part of the conflict, he decided that the photo op was not worth the safety risks.

Michael Christopher Brown, the photojournalist in the Libya segment, was wounded by a mortar round on an earlier trip to Misrata in April 2011. His colleagues Tim Hetherington and Chris Hondros did not survive the attack.

Hoagland said he has lost some faith in the ability of his work to instigate positive change, but his fascination with the elements of the human condition exposed by war drive him on.

Frankham and Mann echo that fascination. They said they would be interested in making more installments of the series. Frankham mentioned Syria and Afghanistan as areas of interest, though the feasibility of filming in those places is uncertain.

The makers of "Witness" hope the series sparks further dialogue among viewers about the areas of the world and issues featured in the series.

"I think that's the most important thing that journalism can do - to get people interested in places and people and situations and politics and make them curious about hearing new information," Hoagland said.

"I hope people watch this and start to perhaps rethink everything they thought they knew about a little bit, because that's certainly what I'm doing with every trip I make."

(This story has been corrected to fix spelling of David Frankham's name)

(Reporting by Andrea Burzynski; Editing by Gary Hill)

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