FOREX-Euro slides on rate-cut hopes after ECB decision

Fri Dec 7, 2012 2:16am IST

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* ECB holds rates at 0.75 percent
    * ECB cuts inflation, growth outlook
    * Political tension in Italy grows

    NEW YORK, Dec 6 (Reuters) - The euro was on track for its
sharpest decline against the dollar in a month on Thursday after
comments from the European Central Bank chief and a downgrade to
the region's growth and inflation forecasts boosted expectations
of an interest rate cut.
    Political chaos in Italy drove Italian bond yields higher
and added to losses in the euro. Silvio Berlusconi's People of
Freedom party withdrew its support for Italy's Prime Minister
Mario Monti on Thursday, setting up a conflict that could force
an early election. 
    ECB President Mario Draghi, speaking at a news conference
after the bank's decision to keep its main interest rate at 0.75
percent, said a wide discussion on rates had preceded the
consensus decision to leave them on hold. 
    Draghi also said policymakers discussed setting a negative
rate on the ECB's deposit facility in an attempt to encourage
banks not to hoard cash at the ECB but lend it into the real
economy instead.
    "The European Central Bank failed to relieve investor
concerns about the progress of the debt crisis," said
Christopher Vecchio, currency analyst at DailyFX in New York. 
    Draghi's comments came as the ECB predicted the euro zone
economy would shrink again in 2013 and sharply lowered its
growth and inflation forecasts. It also said risks to growth
remained on the downside. 
    The bank forecast gross domestic product in a range of
falling by 0.9 percent to growing just 0.3 percent next year,
suggesting contraction was far more likely than not. It
predicted inflation at 1.1 percent to 2.1 percent next year.
    "The combination of the ECB's cooler growth and inflation
forecasts opened the door to a rate cut in the months ahead,"
said Joe Manimbo, senior market analyst at Western Union
Business Solutions in Washington.
    The euro fell as low as $1.2948 on Reuters data and
was last down 0.8 percent at $1.2966. At current levels, it is
on track for the biggest daily percentage fall since Nov. 2. 
    Some US$6.04 billion in euro changes hands, according to
Reuters Dealing, the highest daily volume since Oct. 9
.
    The euro lost 0.9 percent to 106.80 yen.
    Italian and Spanish government bond yields rose on tensions
in Italy. A disappointing Spanish bond sale on Wednesday also
weighed as it revived talk of an official bailout request from
the euro zone's fourth-largest economy.
    "Some analysts are predicting Italy could be contracting by
as much as negative 3 percent next year. If that's the case,
then they could become another financing crisis for the euro
zone," said Boris Schlossberg, managing director of FX Strategy
at BK Asset Management in New York.
    Investors are shifting attention to Friday's closely watched
government report on U.S. nonfarm payrolls for November.
    Payrolls likely rose only 93,000 last month after advancing
171,000 in October, according to a Reuters survey of economists.
The unemployment rate is seen holding steady at 7.9 percent.
 
    "After selling off as a result of comments coming out of the
ECB conference, euro/dollar has found support around the 1.2970s
which is very close to key support of 1.2950," said Marc
Principato, Director of SMB Forex Trading And Education in New
York. "I am looking for price stability around this level as we
await the NFP report tomorrow." 
    Some analysts said that while the outlook for the euro zone
remained bleak, euro losses against the dollar could be limited.
    "As we expect the (Federal Reserve) to announce a shift to
outright Treasury purchases next week, the U.S. dollar should
remain soft," said Vassili Serebriakov, currency strategist at
BNP Paribas in New York. The Fed holds its December policy
meeting next week.
    BNP forecasts the euro at $1.33 by the end of the year.
    The dollar slipped 0.1 percent to 82.37 yen, still
not far from the 82.82 touched on Nov. 22 which was the highest
since early April. 
    Traders expect the yen to remain under pressure on
expectations of further monetary easing by the Bank of Japan
following an election on Dec. 16. 
    The Australian dollar rose to a 2-1/2-month high
after surprisingly strong Australian jobs data prompted
investors to reduce expectations of further policy easing.
 It was last up 0.2 percent at $1.0476.
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