China HSBC services PMI rises to four-month high

BEIJING Tue Feb 5, 2013 7:25am IST

Employees work at a shoe factory in Dongkou county, Hunan province April 5, 2012. REUTERS/China Daily/Files

Employees work at a shoe factory in Dongkou county, Hunan province April 5, 2012.

Credit: Reuters/China Daily/Files

Related Topics

BEIJING (Reuters) - Growth in China's services sector hit a four-month high in January, a private survey showed, as a better business climate increased deal-making and lifted corporate confidence to an eight-month peak.

The HSBC services purchasing managers' index (PMI) rose to 54 in January, up from December's 51.7, moving more comfortably into territory above the 50-point threshold that separates accelerating from slowing growth.

The survey's findings added to evidence that the world's second-biggest economy is gradually rebounding, with analysts expecting China's economic growth to inch up to 8.1 percent this year, off a 13-year low of 7.8 percent hit in 2012.

Encouragingly, the survey showed service sector firms thought good times could last.

The business expectation index -- one of many accompanying sub-indices that do not contribute to the overall PMI business activity reading for the services sector -- rose to its highest since May 2012 at 64.4.

Nearly a third of the firms polled said they expect business to expand in a year.

"China's growth recovery is now on a firmer footing," said Qu Hongbin, a HSBC economist. "Solid job gains plus higher business expectations bode well for further improvement of the services sector's growth."

The services sector made up 46 percent of China's gross domestic product in 2012, as big as the manufacturing industry and a long way from its 17 percent contribution in 1990.

Tuesday's PMI, the last of five from China in any month, is in line with other surveys released last week that showed a stabilising Chinese economy poised for a modest recovery.

PMIs for China's giant manufacturing sector showed factories enjoyed a mild recovery last month though tepid foreign demand was crimping growth.

In contrast, PMIs for China's services sector showed firms are enjoying much stronger growth than manufacturers.

An official services PMI compiled by China's government and released over the weekend edged up to 56.2 in January, barely up from December's 56.1.

MORE BUSINESS, MORE JOBS

So optimistic are services companies with regards to China's economic pick-up that they hired more workers again in January to extend a four-year run, HSBC said.

The bank said 18 percent of companies reported they did more business in January compared to the previous month due to rising new orders and projects, while 17 percent of firms reported an increase in new business.

Services firms overtook manufacturers to be the biggest employer in China for the first time ever in 2011, accounting for 35 percent of all jobs. Manufacturing jobs in turn accounted for 30 percent of total employment.

Chinese services firms have survived the global financial crisis much better than factories, partly because they do not rely on exports for growth unlike manufacturers.

China's exporters took a beating in the latest global economic slowdown as belt-tightening by U.S. and European shoppers has sapped demand for Chinese goods. As a result, net exports have dragged on China's economic growth in the last two years.

Chinese services firms, on the other hand, cater to the more resilient domestic market that is supported by stubbornly strong house prices.

(Reporting by Koh Gui Qing; Editing by Simon Cameron-Moore)

FILED UNDER:
Comments (0)
This discussion is now closed. We welcome comments on our articles for a limited period after their publication.

  • Most Popular
  • Most Shared

Jan Dhan Yojana

REUTERS SHOWCASE

Japan Trip

Japan Trip

Modi eyes breakthrough nuclear pact on Japan trip.  Full Article 

Chance For Reform

Chance For Reform

India's coal crunch - a chance to revamp, reallocate and revive.  Full Article 

E-Commerce

E-Commerce

Ratan Tata invests in online retailer Snapdeal.  Full Article 

Top Priority

Top Priority

Finance minister says food inflation is top priority.  Full Article 

Deal Talk

Deal Talk

Who wants to buy Snapchat? Microsoft, Google, Apple, Alibaba.  Video 

Fresh Funding

Fresh Funding

Tiger Global leads $65 million funding in Indian messaging app Hike.  Full Article 

GDP Preview

GDP Preview

Economy likely grew faster in June quarter: Reuters poll.  Full Article 

Safety Net

Safety Net

SEBI revamps trading safety-net rules.  Full Article 

Fraud Investigation

Fraud Investigation

IMF's Lagarde put under investigation in French fraud case.  Full Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device.  Full Coverage