Budget likely to woo foreign investors: Reuters Poll

BANGALORE Fri Feb 22, 2013 3:12pm IST

1 of 2. A view of the Indian parliament building on the opening day of the budget session in New Delhi February 23, 2007.

Credit: Reuters/B Mathur/Files

Inside the Peshawar school

Inside the Peshawar school

The aftermath inside the Pakistan school where at least 132 students and nine staff members were killed by Taliban gunmen.  Pictures 

BANGALORE (Reuters) - Whether the government will reduce borrowing in the next fiscal year is too close to call, but economists polled by Reuters say its resolve to cut spending and giveaways in next week's budget will reignite investor confidence.

Finance Minister P. Chidambaram will deliver the annual budget on February 28, his last full budget before the country goes to the polls early next year.

Increased spending on social welfare and other benefits has been commonplace in Indian budgets for many years. But analysts say the tone of this budget will be different, steering clear of populist measures - even this close to an election.

"In view of this particular election, oddly enough, there may be political ground to be made on stressing that the government is keeping with its fiscal consolidation goal," said Vishnu Varathan, economist at Mizuho Corporate Bank.

Indeed, officals involved in budget preparations told Reuters the finance ministry plans to slash the public spending target by up to 10 percent in the new fiscal year, which would make it the most austere budget in recent times.

Chidambaram has already slashed public expenditure in the current fiscal year to March by some nine percent from the original target.

In the Reuters poll, conducted between February14-21, 19 of 23 economists expected the budget to help bring in foreign investment.

Almost as many, 18, predicted the focus of Chidambaram's budget speech will be on slashing subsidies and government handouts.

Eighteen said they expect spending cuts to mainly focus on fuel subsidies and defence. India's fuel subsidy bill swelled by almost 73 percent in 2011-2012, compared to the previous year, while defence allocation rose 18 percent in the last budget.

The poll also predicted the finance ministry will axe spending on rural development and food subsidies.

"This will not be a common man's budget simply because there is very little room for that," said Jyotinder Kaur, economist at HDFC Bank.

India's fiscal deficit target now stands at a revised 5.3 percent of GDP this fiscal year. Chidambaram has said he wants to get that down to 4.8 percent in 2013/14.

Economists in the poll were split on the chances of overall government borrowing in 2013/14 being reduced from 5.7 trillion Indian rupees in 2012/13.

BRINGING BACK FOREIGN INVESTMENT

Once considered a rising star in Asia, the Indian economy has lost its shine in recent years. Preliminary estimates released earlier this month showed growth dwindled to an annual five percent rate in the current fiscal year to March.

If confirmed, that would be the slowest growth rate that Asia's third largest economy has clocked in a decade.

(Fiscal debt vs. GDP growth: link.reuters.com/baw24t)

The poor performance is reflected in the rupee's depreciation, as the current account deficit has widened due to weak exports and slack inflows of foreign direct investment.

The Indian currency has lost 18 percent against the dollar since the start of 2011, though the decline was limited to 3.5 percent in 2012. The rupee has gained 1.2 percent since the start of this year.

A weak global economy, particularly among major trading partners like the euro zone, is partly to blame for India's poor performance lately.

But the government's hesitancy implementing reforms to attract foreign capital, and the ballooning current account deficit has left India vulnerable to a potential downgrade in its sovereign debt credit rating to junk bond status.

To arrest the slide in investment, the government announced major reforms late last year that included, among others, permission for global retailers to set up shop in India and allowing foreign investment in aviation and broadcasting.

"By and large we expect investor confidence to grow rather than ebb given that...the Ministy of Finance has got its sights set on rather achievable goals and have put a lot of clarity on the direction they want policy to take," added Mizuho Corporate Bank's Varathan.

(For more on budget coverage, click link.reuters.com/ces65t)

(Editing by Ross Finley and Simon Cameron-Moore)

FILED UNDER:

Reforms Push

REUTERS SHOWCASE

Reuters Exclusive

Reuters Exclusive

India looks to sway Americans with nuclear power insurance plan  Full Article 

To Boost Growth

To Boost Growth

Crank up public spending to revive growth - chief economic adviser.   Full Article 

Bold Steps

Bold Steps

SpiceJet rescue plan marks bold bet on Indian aviation recovery.   Full Article 

New Airline

New Airline

Tata, Singapore Air venture Vistara to take off on Jan 9.  Full Article 

Online Sales

Online Sales

Knock knock. Who's there? Amazon's best-selling holiday author.  Full Article 

26/11 Plotter

26/11 Plotter

Pakistan to challenge bail for Mumbai attack "mastermind".  Full Article 

Chinese Economy

Chinese Economy

China revises up size of 2013 economy, sees no effect on 2014 growth.  Full Article 

Reuters Poll

Reuters Poll

BSE Sensex to hit 32,980 by December 2015  Full Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device  Full Coverage