U.S. ambassador to meet Modi, ending isolation

NEW DELHI Wed Feb 12, 2014 5:23am IST

1 of 3. Narendra Modi (C), prime ministerial candidate for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Gujarat's chief minister, is surrounded by his security personnel as he arrives to attend a public meeting at Somnath in Gujarat February 1, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/Amit Dave

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NEW DELHI (Reuters) - The U.S. ambassador to New Delhi is to meet Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi who could be India's next prime minister, softening Washington's stance towards a man denied a U.S. visa nearly a decade ago.

The Bharatiya Janata Party, or BJP, is considered the favourite to form a government after a general election due by May. He is also the chief minister of Gujarat, where in 2002, Hindu mobs killed at least 1,000 people, most of them Muslims.

"We can confirm the appointment" with Ambassador Nancy Powell, a U.S. Embassy spokesman said. "This is part of our concentrated outreach to senior political and business leaders ... to highlight the U.S.-India relationship."

India's Foreign Ministry said the meeting had been fixed for this week.

It will be the highest-profile encounter between U.S. officials and Modi since the U.S. State Department revoked his visa in 2005 over the riots, which erupted after 59 people, mostly Hindu pilgrims, were killed in a fire set on a train.

It was not immediately clear how, if at all, the meeting would affect Modi's status, or whether the long ban will affect the U.S.-India relationship if he becomes prime minister. Most analysts do not expect the United States to uphold the visa ban if he does become Indian leader.

The two countries are developing closer commercial and strategic ties and share almost $100 billion worth of annual trade, with the United States seeing India as a regional counterweight to China.

But an often volatile relationship has come under strain because of a simmering trade dispute and a recent row over the of an Indian diplomat in New York after she was accused of visa fraud and underpaying her maid.

U.S. State Department spokeswoman Jan Psaki said the meeting did not represent a change in U.S. policy "per se."

"There has been no change in our long-standing visa policy," she told a regular news briefing in Washington. "When individuals apply for a visa, their applications are reviewed in accordance with U.S. law and policy. This is not a reflection of any change."

CONSTRUCTIVE ENGAGEMENT?

U.S. automaker Ford (F.N) is due to open a plant this year in Gujarat, where Modi has been praised by business leaders for cutting red tape. General Motors (GM.N) already has a production facility there.

Modi's party is opposed, however, to companies like Wal-Mart (WMT.N) opening supermarkets in India.

The change in the U.S. position on Modi is likely to anger members of the Muslim community who say Modi allowed or even encouraged attacks on Muslims in the 2002 riots.

Modi has always denied the accusations and a Supreme Court inquiry found no evidence to prosecute him. Maya Kodnani, who served as one of his ministers from 2007 to 2009, was found guilty of murder for her role in the violence.

"Several governments, after the 2002 riots, had decided that they should not engage with Modi. Now that he is a candidate for the prime minister's job, they believe that they should start discussions with him," Meenakshi Ganguly, the South Asia director of Human Rights Watch, said in a statement.

"Diplomats should use these meetings to also convey their concerns about the failures to provide justice for the 2002 victims."

Britain became the first European country to end an informal boycott on meeting Modi, which had been in place since the riots. Other European countries followed suit last year.

The U.S. consul general met Modi two years ago, and Republican lawmakers recently visited Gujarat and invited him to the United States.

VISA ANGER

A senior official at the Gujarat government's office in Delhi, which handles requests for official meetings between Modi and foreign diplomats, said the U.S. Embassy had been seeking a meeting for the past two months.

The meeting had not been possible until this week because of Modi's hectic campaigning schedule plus the dispute over the diplomat, which flared up in December and caused a public outcry in India against Washington, the official said.

"In December, it was difficult, when the atmosphere was so bad," said the official, who did not want to be named.

Powell will travel to Gujarat's capital, Gandhinagar, to meet Modi in his office, an aide of Modi told Reuters. It was not clear what would be discussed, but the meeting could happen on Thursday or Friday, the Gujarat official said.

The Hindustan Times newspaper cited a BJP leader as saying the talks would focus on bilateral ties and not Modi's U.S. visa, which is a sensitive subject among his supporters.

Both sides are working to repair damage done by the row over the arrest and strip-search of an Indian diplomat in New York, which led to the cancellation of high-level visits and the downgrading of privileges for U.S. envoys in India.

Adding another irritant on Monday, the United States said it would take India to the World Trade Organization to gain a bigger foothold for U.S. manufacturers in its fast-growing solar products market.

Opinion polls show Modi's BJP has the edge in the election race but is unlikely to get a majority and may struggle to win enough seats to form a stable coalition government.

(Additional reporting by Shyamantha Asokan and Sruthi Gottipati in New Delhi and David Brunnstrom in Washington; Editing by Robert Birsel, John Stonestreet and Peter Cooney)

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Comments (2)
captjohann wrote:
Modi is not isolated but it is USA which got isolated due to its appeasement policy for Al Nusrah Front of Saudi arabia. Modi never wanted this appoointment but it is the PIOs who have been wanting Modi to come to USA. Modi must not go there and he must go only as Prime Minister of India.

Feb 11, 2014 5:51pm IST  --  Report as abuse
Vijaykannan wrote:
A few clarifications needed, Mr. Daniel. You have mentioned Modi as a Hindu national. Fine, as he has replied earlier, that he is a Hindu as well as a nationalist. The doubt here is, do you use the same yardstick when you address others? For example, to address the heads of state and other politicians of Pakistan, who swear by Islam, do you use any prefix or suffix related to Islam? Or, do you believe they are all ‘secular’ to the core?

Let’s forget that the U.S. ‘revoked his visa’, something which he has never applied for. The doubt is, do you know for sure that it is a case where ‘Hindu mobs killed at least 1,000 people, most of them Muslims, in the riots which erupted after 59 people, mostly Hindu pilgrims, were killed in a fire set on a train’? Have you checked the facts and figures – the reality? You are very close to the reality, and at the very same time, far away from truth, as far as I understand!

It was entirely Hindu pilgrims who were burnt to death by a mob of about 1500 Muslims in a pre-planned attack, who were organized hours in advance with all the necessary ‘materials’ needed for it. Of the over 1000 people who were killed in the riots after the train burning incident, about a quarter were Hindus, who were mostly killed in police firing, since the government of the day, led by Narendra Modi, chose to act with an iron hand to curb the riots! And, many Hindus were killed by organized Muslim mobs as well. Well, these might just be some facts that you have chosen to bury…

We can understand the political motives behind the U.S. government’s decision to ‘deny visa’ to Narendra Modi, and the present desperation to ‘engage with him’ since the most popular leader is poised to become the Prime Minister of India.

He has overcome the hounding by political opponents, a section of the media, officials & NGOs with vested interests, for more than a decade. I am sure that these will only help strengthen him to face more difficulties in the days to come.

Vijayakumar A. P.

Feb 11, 2014 10:21am IST  --  Report as abuse
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