Asia takes more Iran crude in Feb than nuclear deal allows

SINGAPORE/TOKYO Mon Mar 31, 2014 11:55am IST

A worker walks atop a tanker wagon to check the freight level at an oil terminal on the outskirts of Kolkata November 27, 2013. REUTERS/Rupak De Chowdhuri/Files

A worker walks atop a tanker wagon to check the freight level at an oil terminal on the outskirts of Kolkata November 27, 2013.

Credit: Reuters/Rupak De Chowdhuri/Files

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SINGAPORE/TOKYO (Reuters) - Iran's top four crude oil buyers lifted their purchases 17.2 percent in February from a year ago, as the OPEC member continues to ship more oil than allowed under a deal that eases some of the sanctions aimed at its disputed nuclear programme.

Under the interim agreement reached in November between Iran and six major powers and that took effect in January, the Islamic nation is supposed to hold its exports at an average of 1 million barrels per day (bpd) for the six months to July 20.

But imports by its four biggest buyers, China, India, Japan and South Korea, as well as Turkey, have totalled more than that since at least November, and tanker tracking data indicates only a slight slowdown in Tehran's exports in March.

"Maybe the prices are too good to be refused. The Iranians have been known to offer pretty good deals," said Victor Shum, vice-president of energy consultancy IHS Energy Insight.

Iran's higher exports could help cap benchmark oil prices that have risen due to supply concerns in countries like Libya, and with the escalating tensions between Russia and the West over the annexation of Crimea by the world's top oil producer.

The increased buying of Iranian crude has come as the modest easing of sanctions has improved sentiment and reduced political risk for the OPEC member's clients, industry sources say, but it has also sparked ire in the West.

The United States reminded India earlier this month to keep its Iran imports at end-2013 levels, according to government sources there, which would require Indian refiners to cut buying from Tehran by two-thirds from the first-quarter to drop its intake average back to 195,000 bpd by July 20.

In February, Iran's four big Asian buyers imported an average of 1.37 million bpd of Iranian crude, up from 1.17 bpd a year ago, according to official government data and tanker arrival schedules given to Reuters.

"This is interesting because countries are supposed to limit their intake from Iran. But ... it's hard to draw any conclusions," Shum said.

Data for tanker loadings out of Iran for February and March indicates there might be only a slight drop in the elevated imports over the next couple of months.

U.S. President Barack Obama's administration has said it believes Iran's exports will fall in coming months to the 1 million bpd level stipulated by the interim agreement.

Iran's biggest oil customer, China, lifted imports by 6 percent from a year ago to 552,613 bpd in February, while South Korea's crude imports more than doubled to 290,714 bpd.

Iranian imports by Japan, which was the last of the four to report, rose 21.7 percent to 260,820 bpd last month, trade ministry data showed earlier on Monday.

Iran Imports into India declined 8.7 percent to about 266,000 bpd.

(Editing by Tom Hogue)

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