Modi says committed to no first use of nuclear weapons

NEW DELHI Thu Apr 17, 2014 1:38am IST

1 of 2. Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi, the prime ministerial candidate for India's main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), speaks during an interview with the ANI television service at Gandhinagar in Gujarat in this still image taken from video April 16, 2014.

Credit: Reuters/ANI/Handout via Reuters

Related Topics

Border Security Force (BSF) soldiers ride their camels as they rehearse for the "Beating the Retreat" ceremony in New Delhi January 27, 2015. REUTERS/Ahmad Masood

"Beating The Retreat" Rehearsals

Rehearsals are on for "Beating the Retreat" ceremony which symbolises retreat after a day on the battlefield, and marks the official end of the Republic Day celebrations.  Slideshow 

NEW DELHI (Reuters) - Prime ministerial frontrunner Narendra Modi ruled out the first use of nuclear weapons on Wednesday, seeking to calm concerns after his Hindu nationalist party vowed to revise arms strategy if elected.

Modi told the ANI television service the nuclear arms were defensive weapons. India and its rival neighbour Pakistan are both nuclear powers that have been building up their nuclear arms stockpiles and testing long range missiles.

In the 70-minute interview, conducted in Gujarat capital Gandhinagar, Modi predicted a record result for his Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and said the ruling Congress party would crash to its worst-ever electoral showing.

He also accused journalists of attempting to smear him over sectarian rioting in his home state in 2002 in which more than 1,000 people, mostly Muslims, were killed.

Modi said Indian's nuclear arms arsenal "is necessary to be powerful - not to suppress anyone, but for our own protection."

Striking a statesmanlike tone, he upheld a doctrine defined by former Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who declared a policy of no first use of atomic weapons after testing several bombs in 1998. "No first use was a great initiative of Atal Bihari Vajpayee - there is no compromise on that. We are very clear. No first use is a reflection of our cultural inheritance," Modi said.

NUCLEAR POLICY

Modi's comments came a week after the BJP unveiled its manifesto, pledging to review India's nuclear stance, whose two main pillars were a no-first-use commitment and building a credible but minimum nuclear arsenal.

The pledge, to "study in detail India's nuclear doctrine, and revise and update it, to make it relevant to challenges of current times", gave no specifics but raised concerns among former U.S. diplomats that the policy of no first use would be abandoned.

The State Department itself declined to comment. Two sources involved in the manifesto's drafting said the BJP wanted to reconsider the no first use policy in the wake of advances made by Pakistan in tactical nuclear weaponry. Pakistan does not have a no first use policy and is building a nuclear weapons programme designed to deter India and neutralise its much larger conventional military. India also has concerns about China, which has a bigger military and more advanced strategic weapons. Some members of the strategic establishment said it had been 10 years since the doctrine had been released and it was time to revisit it. Commenting on the election, which is being held in stages until May 12, Modi stopped short of saying the BJP would secure an outright majority, but described the electoral alliances it had struck with 25 other parties as "unprecedented".

"People used to say that the BJP was untouchable," said Modi, adding: "I don't believe in political untouchability."

FOCUS ON RIOTS

He said the continued media interest in his role in the 2002 Gujarat riots amounted to an attempt by journalists to smear him, but it had not worked.

"If the media had not made such an effort to malign Modi, Modi would not be as well known as he is," said the 63-year-old politician, who sported a tangerine waistcoat, lime shirt and a large badge depicting a saffron flower, his party's symbol.

Even though a Supreme Court inquiry found he had no case to answer over the riots, Congress campaign leader Rahul Gandhi said this decision should not absolve him of responsibility. Modi has also faced accusations that he has been reticent over the killings because expressing contrition might alienate the BJP's core Hindu vote in the five-week election. Results are due on May 16.

Modi said that his attempts to explain the 2002 events to journalists had proved futile. "There is no top journalist to whom I have not given an interview. I answered every question from 2002-2007," he said. "Later I saw that this was not an attempt to learn the truth. "I have said what I had to say. Now I am in the people's court, and I am waiting to hear its judgment."

(Additional reporting by Aditya Kalra; Editing by Sanjeev Miglani and Tom Heneghan)

FILED UNDER:
Photo

After wave of QE, onus shifts to leaders to boost economy

DAVOS, Switzerland - Central banks have done their best to rescue the world economy by printing money and politicians must now act fast to enact structural reforms and pro-investment policies to boost growth, central bankers said on Saturday.

Reuters Showcase

Telecom Sector

Telecom Sector

India postpones mobile airwave auction to March 4.  Full Article 

Business Strategy

Business Strategy

Uber scraps commissions for its New Delhi taxis.  Full Article 

Currencies

Currencies

China's yuan breaks into the world's top five as payment currency - SWIFT.  Full Article 

India’s Male Tenor

India’s Male Tenor

India’s lone male tenor wants to ‘Indianise’ opera  Full Article 

Job Cuts

Job Cuts

Sony to cut 1,000 jobs in smartphone business - sources.  Full Article 

Reuters India Mobile

Reuters India Mobile

Get the latest news on the go. Visit Reuters India on your mobile device  Full Coverage