* Oil price drop forces Algeria to adapt financing
* First local bond issue criticized by conservatives
* Gov't has already trimmed budget, cut energy subsidies
By Lamine Chikhi
ALGIERS, Feb 28 Algeria plans to raise money
from an interest-free local bond, using a model the government
hopes will draw more participation from the public and help it
offset a huge fall in its energy earnings.
The North African OPEC member has already cut public
spending, introduced new taxes and reduced government subsidies
on fuel to help it cope with the halving of its income from oil
and gas due to a long slide in international energy prices.
Finance Minister Hadji Baba Ammi told state news agency APS
on Monday the new bond would not bear interest, which may help
attract a greater number of Algerian buyers after a previous
interest-bearing bond issue drew fire from religious
Islam bans the use of interest, and many countries are
opening up to Islamic finance, based on religious principles
such as prohibiting interest on credit and creating
"We are about to launch a bond sale, but free of interest
this time, if the government allows this approach," Algeria's
finance minister has been quoted as saying to official APS.
"I would not use the word 'Islamic' but rather more
'participative'", he said when asked about the type of
operations that would conform with sharia law.
The minister said bondholders would receive a share in
projects that the issue would finance as an incentive. But he
did not give further details about the structure of the bond or
how it would differ from sukuk or Islamic, interest-free bonds.
The government launched its first local bond last April, but
it was harshly criticised by the religious community made up of
imams, academics and even the religious affairs minister, who
said he had not been consulted over the bond issue.
While many Algerians are religiously conservative, the
country is emerging from a 1990s decade-long war with armed
Islamists that left 200,000 dead, and issues involving
conservatism and political Islam are sensitive.
When the first local debt operation was announced, Sheikh
Chemssedine Bouroubi, a well-known imam who preaches daily on
local TV, openly attacked the finance minister.
"You don't have the right to transform an illicit action
into a licit one.... You will suffer inside your tomb," he said.
While neighbours Morocco and Tunisia are developing laws for
Islamic finance, Islamic banks and sukuk bonds, Algeria still
has no legal framework for such operations.
"You have to be very cautious when it comes to handling
religious issues," Islam analyst and editor of religious books
Mohamed Mouloudi told Reuters.
The new bond will be launched by the end of April, APS said,
quoting the finance minister. The government must first approve
the bond issue.
Algeria raised $5.86 billion from its bond sale last year.
Long reliant on its oil and gas revenues, the economy is
still emerging from a centralised model following its
independence from France, and the state controls most strategic
Heavy bureaucracy and regulation requiring that Algerians
own 51 percent of companies in the country has made investors
wary of putting money into Algeria. Government attempts to open
up the non-oil economy in sectors such as health, agriculture
and industry are moving slowly.
Still, the dramatic fall in oil prices has hit Algeria hard,
prompting the government to look at more flexible ways to
improve revenues. Algeria's energy revenues were at $27.5
billion in 2016, less than half the $60 billion it earned in
(Writing by Patrick Markey; Editing by Hugh Lawson)