YAOUNDE, March 8 (Reuters) - Cameroon and the International Monetary Fund are considering a two-year aid programme for the Central African country to deliver sustained and inclusive economic growth.
Leaders of the Central African bloc (CEMAC) agreed in December to engage with the IMF to find ways to overcome macroeconomic instability caused in part by lower global commodity prices, the IMF said in a statement.
Cameroon, which produces oil, cocoa and coffee and is the largest economy in the region, has weathered the problems better than others and its medium term outlook is positive due to a relatively diversified economy and infrastructure projects.
“The sharp decline in commodity prices, along with security threats in the Lake Chad basin and, until recently, civil unrest in the neighbouring Central African Republic, have negatively impacted Cameroon’s external and fiscal balances,” the IMF said after a two-week mission led by Corinne Delechat.
“While the Cameroonian economy has weathered these shocks thus far, with economic growth remaining relatively robust, public debt has risen rapidly and external and fiscal buffers have declined significantly,” it said, adding that talks would continue in the coming days.
The statement made no direct mention of national politics but said the government needed to protect and even increase social spending in favour of the most vulnerable groups.
Since October, people in the two western English-speaking regions of Cameroon have joined protests against what they say is their marginalisation by the French-speaking majority under President Paul Biya’s 35-year rule.
At least six protesters have been shot dead and hundreds arrested, prompting criticism from human rights groups and concern from the African Union.
Meanwhile, militant group Boko Haram has staged numerous attacks in Cameroon’s Far North region as part of its insurgency campaign to create an Islamist state in northeastern Nigeria.
Cameroon’s economy minister Louis Paul Motaze said in a separate statement the 2017-2019 programme under discussion would focus on stabilizing national finances and boosting infrastructure projects.
The country’s gross domestic product was $28.4 billion in 2015 and its per capita gross national income stood at $1,320, according to World Bank data. (Writing by Matthew Mpoke Bigg; Editing by Alexander Smith)