March 10, 2017 / 2:48 AM / 5 months ago

FACTBOX-U.S., China trade barbs over agricultural, metal and livestock markets

    March 10 (Reuters) - The United States has launched a trade case accusing
Chinese aluminium foil producers of dumping product and damaging its domestic
industry, the first such case since the inauguration of U.S. President Donald
    The move will intensify a trade spat brewing between the world's top two
economies over farm policy, metal exports and livestock safety. 
    Below is an overview of recent disputes:    
 Commodity      Involved          Complaint              Status
 DDGS           China vs U.S.     China's ethanol        In January, China slapped
 (Distillers'                     industry accused U.S.  hefty punitive tariffs on
 Dried Grains                     exporters were         imports of a U.S. animal
 with or                          unfairly benefiting    feed ingredient known as
 without                          from subsidies.        distillers' dried grains
 Solubles)                                               (DDGS) from levels first
                                                         proposed last year
 Steel and      U.S. vs China     U.S. and European      The U.S. government
 aluminium                        industries accuse      launched a new complaint
                                  China of exporting     in January against Chinese
                                  excess output,         aluminium subsidies at the
                                  hurting global prices  World Trade Organization,
                                  and providing          accusing Beijing of
                                  subsidies, such as     artificially expanding its
                                  interest-free loans,   global market share with
                                  to prop up             cheap state-directed loans
                                  state-owned            and subsidized
                                  companies.             energy.            
                                                         U.S. Aluminum Association
                                                         filed a trade case
                                                         accusing Chinese aluminium
                                                         foil producers of dumping
                                                         product and damaging its
                                                         domestic industry.
                                                         The United States moved
                                                         closer to slapping duties
                                                         on imports of stainless
                                                         steel sheet and strip from
                                                         China in February, issuing
                                                         a final determination that
                                                         the products were being
                                                         subsidised and dumped in
                                                         the U.S. market at below
                                                         fair value.             
                                                         A final determination is
                                                         due on or about March 20.
                                  United States has      Commerce Department raised
                                  alleged that Chinese   import duties on aluminium
                                  companies have         extrusions for several
                                  circumvented import    Chinese companies in Dec
                                  duties on aluminium    2015. First import duties
                                  products               were introduced in 2011
                                  In 2105, U.S.          U.S. regulator launched
                                  aluminium producer     probe in April 2016; 
                                  Century Aluminum Co                
                                           launched a                
                                  campaign targeting     
                                  Chinese imports        
 Beef           China vs U.S. &   China found mad cow    China conditionally lifted
                Canada            disease from U.S.      import ban on U.S.
                                  beef and blocked       boneless beef and beef on
                                  imports in 2003        the bone; also ready to
                                                         lift restrictions on
                                                         bone-in Canadian beef on
                                                         Sept. 22
 Sugar          China vs world    China's sugar mills    After years of lobbying by
                                  complained about       sugar industry, China
                                  protectionist          launched a probe into
                                  measures by foreign    imports going back to 2011
                                  countries for their    on Sept. 22
                                  sugar producers                    
 Grains         U.S. vs China     United States          U.S. launched a challenge
                                  complained about       at WTO on Sept. 13
                                  China's price                      
                                  supports for domestic  
                                  wheat, corn and rice   
 Chicken        China vs U.S.     In 2010, China found   China imposed dumping
                                  that United States     duties on imports and in
                                  had been dumping       August 2016 extended
                                  broiler chicken in     penalties for further 5
                                  the country            years             
 (Reporting by Josephine Mason)

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