* U.N.'s Ban urges bold pledges at summit in Sept 2014
* Says many nations will be late
* Unusual that Polish minister demoted at U.N. talks-Ban
By Environment Correspondent Alister Doyle
WARSAW, Nov 21 U.N. Secretary-General Ban
Ki-moon urged world leaders on Thursday to make "bold pledges"
for cuts in greenhouse gases by next September to guide a deal
to fight climate change but acknowledged that many nations would
Ban also told Reuters that rich nations' promises at U.N.
climate talks in Warsaw for new funds to help the poor tackle
more heatwaves, floods and rising sea levels caused by global
warming were "insufficient".
Ban will host a one-day summit in New York on Sept. 23,
2014. Many developing nations want it to be a deadline for rich
countries to outline planned cuts in greenhouse gases beyond
2020 as a key step towards a global climate deal in 2015.
Speaking on the sidelines of Nov. 11-22 U.N. climate talks
in the Polish capital, Ban said he hoped world leaders would
"announce bold actions, and bold commitments" at the summit.
But the United States has said it will unveil its plans for
cuts in emissions beyond 2020 in early 2015. The European Union
aims to announce its plans before the summit, giving time for a
review by other nations.
"I met the U.S. delegations and I heard their positions,"
Ban said. "I understand that many countries still may not be
ready, for their political or economic considerations."
"We may not need to wait until everybody declares their
positions. So whoever can do, they should do by September next
year," he said.
He also said it was "unusual" that Poland's Marcin Korolec,
the president of the Warsaw talks, had lost his job as
environment minister in a cabinet reshuffle on Wednesday.
"It was quite unexpected and unusual that the president of a
(U.N. meeting) who was environment minister was relieved of this
job," he said. Ban said Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk had
assured him Korolec would retain authority as president of the
Some delegates saw the timing of the reshuffle as a sign
that coal-dependent Poland, often reluctant to go along with
European Union plans for tougher cuts in emissions, had little
interest in the U.N. talks.
"I was told by my staff that it seems to be the first case"
of a president of a U.N. meeting being demoted, Ban said.
In September, a U.N. panel of climate scientists raised the
probability that global warming since 1950 is mainly manmade to
at least 95 percent, from 90 percent in a former assessment in
2007 and 66 percent in 2001.
It said "sustained and substantial" cuts in greenhouse gases
are needed to achieve a U.N. goal of limiting warming to less
than 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial
times - widely seen as a threshold for dangerous change.
Developed nations agreed in 2009 to raise climate aid for
developing nations to $100 billion a year from 2020 from an
annual $10 billion for 2010-12. Hit by an economic slowdown, the
rich are focused more on their economies than the climate and
have not outlined plans for raising aid from 2013 to 2019.
"I am encouraged that pledges are now coming but I would
urge member states, particularly donor countries, (to) be coming
out more generously," he said. "It's not sufficient."
Many developing nations also want a new U.N. mechanism to
help compensate for loss and damage from creeping effects of
climate change, such as rising sea levels, desertification and
Ban noted that many developing nations said $100 billion
would be insufficient to cover such a new mechanism even though
rich nations are reluctant.
(Editing by Dale Hudson)