BRUSSELS, Sept 12 The European Union wants its
own measures to reduce airline pollution from 2018 to 2020 ahead
of when a proposed global deal is due to come into force and may
extend its own system if it sees fit, European officials said on
Some EU lawmakers argue the global accord falls short of EU
ambitions to cut back greenhouse gases and does not justify
extending an exemption for flights from the EU's own aviation
emissions trading scheme beyond 2016.
Aviation was excluded from December's climate accord in
Paris when countries agreed to limit the global average rise in
temperatures to "well below" 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees
Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels.
China, the United States, the EU and 16 surrounding nations
support a pact to cap emissions of all international flights at
2020 levels that is due to be finalised when the United Nations'
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) meets in
Montreal later this month.
However, the new global deal would be voluntary between 2021
and 2026 and only become mandatory from 2027 for the world's
largest carbon dioxide emitters.
The EU must decide by the end of the year whether to keep
exempting international flights from its own Emissions Trading
System (ETS). It had agreed to give ICAO until 2016 to find a
global deal on curbing emissions from international aviation.
Despite a global pact, EU officials said the bloc may keep
elements of its own trading scheme in place.
"The resolution does not prevent us from maintaining what we
have in place should we choose to do so," an EU official said.
"It's very much possible to make sure that the two systems
coexist and can be made complementary but that's a discussion we
will of course be having after Montreal."
"We need to see how the GMBM (global market-based measure)
evolves over time," the official added. "Even before that, we
need to have a solid aviation system in place within the EU ...
to meet our climate targets."
(Reporting by Marilyn Haigh,; Writing by Alissa de Carbonnel;
Editing by Alexander Smith)