August 12, 2015 / 3:20 PM / 2 years ago

FACTBOX-Rich nations' CO2 cuts fall short of halving by 2030

Aug 12 (Reuters) - Following is a table showing that developed nations' plans for combating
climate change fall well short of cuts outlined by scientists to avert the worst of global
warming. 
   Current pledges by developed nations will cut emissions to 9.0 billion tonnes, a fall of 26
percent from 12.2 billion in 2010. The pledges apply for 2030 except for the U.S. plan, which
runs to 2025. That leaves room for deeper U.S. cuts by 2030 that could push the total reduction
to about 30 percent.
    A 2014 report by the U.N.'s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) indicated that
rich nations that made up the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development in 1990
would have to halve emissions by 2030 from 2010 levels to help limit warming to a U.N. goal of
two degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial times.
    Greenhouse gas emissions (millions of tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent, including land
use, land use change and forestry):
    
 Country                    2010      if      base  base year   planned  target    implied
                       emissions  halved  year for  emissions       cut    year  emissions
                                      by    pledge                (pct)          in target
                                    2030                                             year 
 Australia                   569     284      2005        548     26-28    2030        400
 Canada                      775     388      2005        789        30    2030        552
 European Union (15)        3613    1806      1990       4130        40    2030       2478
 Iceland                       5       3      1990          5        40    2030          3
 Japan                      1235     617      2013       1343        26    2030        994
 New Zealand                  42      21      2005         48        30    2030         34
 Norway                       28      14      1990         40        40    2030         24
 Switzerland                  53      27      1990         51        50    2030         26
 United States              5907    2954      2005       6223     26-28    2025       4543
 TOTAL                     12227    6114                13177                         9054
 SOURCE - Reuters calculations based on national submissions to the United Natioccns. 
NOTES - Many nations are unclear about how they will account for changes in land use, including
forests that soak up emissions. Turkey, an OECD member in 1990, has not yet submitted its plan.

 (Reporting By Alister Doyle; Editing by Gareth Jones)

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