NEW YORK, July 26 JPMorgan Chase & Co. has expanded into the physical
commodity markets aggressively over the past five years, first with the purchase of Bear Stearns
in 2008 and most significantly with a $1.7 billion deal to buy RBS Sempra's global oil and
metals business in 2010.
On Friday the bank - which had become Wall Street's biggest trader in commodities -
announced that it was putting the physical trading operations up for sale, quitting the business
after months of intensifying pressure.
The following are a selection of JPMorgan's physical trading assets and operations:
ASSET: POWER PLANTS + ELECTRICTY TOLLING AND MARKETING AGREEMENTS
DATE OF PURCHASE: March 2008 (JPMorgan buys Bear Stearns, including power subsidiary Bear
DESCRIPTION: The bank's commodity division, known as JPMorgan Ventures Energy Corporation,
has electricity trading deals with U.S. power plants and wind farms totalling almost 3,000
megawatts of capacity - enough to light up each one of Indiana's 2.8 million homes.
In May the bank largely exited the Californian power market, where it has been embroiled in
a market manipulation scandal, selling power interests totalling over 3,000 MW of capacity to
The bank's commodity division also has an equity interest in three entities that own power
plants in the United States, including the 545 MW Kinder Jackson facility in Michigan, the 230
MW Brandywine plant in Maryland, and a 75 MW biomass plant in Florida.
JPMorgan also owns interests in power plants and wind farms through its private equity arm,
JPMorgan Capital Partners, and JPMorgan Infrastructure Investments Group, its asset management
In late 2007, Bear Stearns' commodity arm, Houston-based Bear Energy, acquired the rights to
more than 9,000 MW of electric power output after purchasing Williams Power Co.
ASSET: Henry Bath, metals warehousing business
DATE OF PURCHASE: July 2010
SELLER: RBS Sempra
PRICE: Part of $1.7 billion RBS Sempra deal.
DESCRIPTION: When RBS Sempra was bought by JPMorgan for $1.6 billion in 2010, it was the
second-largest warehousing company in the LME's vast network with almost 100 warehouses. Since
then it has been eclipsed by Goldman Sach's warehouse business Metro International and Glencore
Xstrata's Pacorini, and is now the fourth largest based on the number of sheds.
The company was a founder member of the LME in 1877 and issued the first LME warrant on Dec.
The company motto is "habere et dispertire" - to have and to share. Tracing its roots back
to 18th century England, the Liverpool, UK-based company was eventually bought by
Metallgesellschaft in 1986.
Until then, the company had largely been a trading house and ship operator. Hollywood
actress Catherine Zeta Jones is reportedly named after the Henry Bath ship "Zeta" that was
captained by her great grandfather.
It now has 72 warehousing locations in 11 countries.
STATUS: RBS Sempra was told by the Federal Reserve it must divest Henry Bath within two
years of the launch of its 2008 joint venture, and JPMorgan was believed to be facing similar
pressure to divest the business.
ASSET: (UBS) Commodities Canada
DATE OF PURCHASE: Feb 2009
DESCRIPTION: Bought from UBS in 2009, the Calgary-based trading division helped JPMorgan
gain a foothold in the heart of the Canadian oil sands industry. It trades, transports and
stores natural gas, crude and power.
"We provide extensive physical capabilities, specifically transport and warehousing, and
specialize in trading and structuring across energy products, including oil, natural gas and
power," the company says on its website detailing its Canadian operations.
The bank said in 2010 that it was growing its Natural Resources Group, hiring senior oil and
gas traders in Calgary.
LONG-TERM TRADING DEALS:
* NORTHERN TIER REFINERY: In December 2010, JPMorgan agreed to provide crude oil to Northern
Tier Energy's 82,000 barrel per day (bpd) refinery in St. Paul, Minnesota. It now supplies more
than 90 percent of the refinery's crude, according to Northern Tier's SEC filings, including
about 10,000 bpd imported from Canada last year, EIA data show.
* PHILADELPHIA ENERGY SOLUTIONS REFINERY: Last summer JPMorgan agreed to provide financing
and crude supply to the 335,000 bpd refinery in Philadelphia as part of a buy-out by the Carlyle
Group. Since September it has been importing some 250,000 bpd of crude from Nigeria, Chad
and Azerbaijan. The deal helped the bank treble its crude imports last year to nearly 130,000
bpd, the data show, overtaking Morgan Stanley's crude and fuel imports for the first time ever.
(Reporting By Jonathan Leff and David Sheppard; Editing by Alden Bentley and Andrew Hay)