By Chris Taylor
NEW YORK Aug 24 College students have it tough
these days with ever-increasing tuition bills and record levels
of debt. But in recent years, there's been one bright spot for
student finances: a deep pot of scholarship money.
There's trouble on the horizon, however. New data shows that
the percentage of those winning cash scholarships, typically
awarded on the basis of merit, is falling dramatically. The
change could have wide-ranging consequences for students, their
parents and the schools alike.
The percentage of students reporting winning scholarships
dropped markedly, to 35 percent in the 2011-2012 school year,
from 45 percent the year before, according to How America Pays
for College 2012, a recent survey of college students and their
families by student lender Sallie Mae.
Scholarship recipients are still getting almost exactly the
same amount as the previous year, an average of $7,673. But the
availability of money is being hurt as cash-strapped states cut
funding for scholarships to public schools and the schools
themselves aren't always able to make up the difference.
If the trend persists, it could result in a ripple effect
that alters the financial decision-making of countless American
families: where students enroll, how much they're willing to
pay, and who comes up with the money.
A scholarship squeeze could affect students of all stripes,
but particularly those at public institutions, because of sheer
numbers. Some 15.5 million students are expected to attend two-
and four-year public institutions this year, according to the
Center for Education Statistics. That's about 72 percent of all
the U.S. students seeking higher education.
"Schools were stepping up their scholarships to help" cover
rising educational costs, says Sarah Ducich, senior vice
president for public policy at Sallie Mae the largest U.S.
student lender. "We wondered whether that was sustainable. This
year we found out that it's not."
$8 MILLION TO ZERO
Some states, like Georgia and Florida, have altered
scholarship rules regarding who qualifies and how much money
they get. Others have taken even more drastic steps.
Michigan's Merit and Promise scholarship program doled out
more than $8 million to more than 6,500 students at the
University of Michigan for the 2007-2008 school year, according
to Pam Fowler, executive director of the college's Office of
Financial Aid. By 2010-2011, that had fallen to zero.
Cash-poor states aren't providing more scholarship money
despite record high enrollments, says Haley Chitty, spokesperson
for the Washington, D.C.-based National Association of Student
Financial Aid Administrators.
"That means fewer funds are being spread out among more and
more students," Chitty says.
According to Illinois State University's Grapevine project,
which tabulates every state's financial support for higher
education, such funding fell an average of 7.6 percent in
For example, Georgia's HOPE scholarships at Atlanta's
Kennesaw State University plunged to $26.1 million last school
year, from $38.4 million the year before, as new rules raised
eligibility requirements and covered less of the total bills,
reports Ron Day, the school's director of financial aid.
"Schools have been pumping in their personal funds to keep
kids in school, but those funds are getting depleted, and the
revenue's just not there from the state," he says.
Dixie Miller, a student in computer graphics design at
Hillsborough Community College in Tampa, Florida, is among those
worried about potential cutbacks to scholarships and grants. In
the past, Miller benefited from scholarship money from the state
of Florida and Pell grants from the federal government.
But Florida's state support of education continues to fall,
down 17.5 percent in the last five years, and Miller worries
that her own scholarship could be among the casualties (she
finds out in September).
"Every time we turn around there seems to be more red tape
and cuts," says Miller, a single mom of a teenager.
If there is indeed a shallower pool of grant and scholarship
money going forward, families will continue to respond in a
couple of key ways, Sallie Mae's Ducich notes.
First, students will likely foot more of the bills since
parents are getting financially tapped out. And second, debt
loads may increase.
In 2010-2011, for instance, students chipped in 26 percent
of total educational costs, according to the How America Pays
for College study. Last school year, they had to contribute 30
Some of that added cash is coming out of their savings and
income, Sallie Mae found, but most is attributed to increased
borrowing - not a heartening sign for future debt loads.
RAY OF HOPE?
It is possible the situation is less grim than it currently
appears. This school year's financial aid numbers are still a
work in progress. The College Board is scheduled to release its
annual Trends in Student Aid report this fall, which will give a
more complete picture of whether national scholarship totals are
indeed being trimmed back.
"The Sallie Mae findings are interesting, but need to be
taken with a grain of salt," says Sandy Baum, a co-author of the
College Board report and a senior fellow at George Washington
University's Graduate School of Education. "It's a survey that
relies on responses, whereas Trends in Student Aid deals with
hard data. It's not clear that in tough times aid goes down."
But certainly the steep scholarship drop that students are
reporting is worrisome. For students like Dixie Miller, it's the
waiting game that's driving her crazy.
"We know there will likely be cuts, but we don't yet know to
what degree," says Miller, who aims to finish her bachelor's
degree at the University of South Florida. "I really have no
earthly idea how to budget for this year."