* Vast gas reserves found off Cyprus coast last year
* Island hopes for domestic flows by 2017, exports by
* Income too far off to help with current financial
* Russia among international players interested in gas
By Luke Baker
NICOSIA, Cyprus, July 6 Cyprus should generate
foreign income from the export of natural gas by 2019, its
industry minister said on Friday, which is too far in the future
to help the island overcome financial problems caused by its
stricken banking sector.
The island's commerce, industry and tourism minister said
the vast reserves of natural gas discovered in the waters
between Cyprus and Israel should be developed for domestic use
in 2017 and provide export revenue from 2019 or 2020.
"Commercial exploitation will begin in 2019," Neoclis
Sylikiotis said, explaining that it would require large-scale
investment in liquefied natural gas (LNG) plants offshore.
"We expect important export income to flow from 2019-2020,"
he told Brussels-based journalists during briefings in Nicosia
to launch the Cyprus's six-month presidency of the European
Cyprus, which reported the natural gas discovery last
December, took another step towards its exploitation in May when
it received 15 bids from international companies to develop nine
Among the bidders are Italy's ENI, France's Total
, Malaysia's Petronas and Russia's Novatek.
Surveys suggest more than 100 trillion cubic feet (2.831
trillion cubic metres) of reserves lie untapped in the eastern
Mediterranean basin between Cyprus and Israel - almost equal to
the world's total annual consumption of natural gas.
While that has sparked major commercial interest, it has
also raised political concerns. Turkey is now exploring for gas
off Cyprus's Turkish Cypriot coast, and Russia, a financial
backer of Cyprus, is keen to expand its footprint in the region.
Turkey, which does not recognise the government in Nicosia,
has threatened to block international oil firms from bidding on
Turkish energy projects if they also take part in Cyprus's
offshore energy ventures.
Lebanon, whose territorial waters neighbour those of Cyprus
and Israel, is also concerned about protecting its potential to
explore for resources in the region.
The problem for Cyprus is not just keeping its neighbours
happy but also finding a way to bring the project to commercial
viability as soon as possible so that it can generate income. It
must also find the capital to invest in costly infrastructure,
such as LNG storage plants.
Finance Minister Vassos Shiarly sidestepped suggestions that
revenue from the gas fields could extract Cyprus from the
financial hole created by liquidity problems in its banking
sector, saying there was immediate work to be done and the
island could not rely on as-yet unrealised income.
Cyprus has taken a 2.5 billion euro ($3.1 billion) loan from
Russia to help refinance expiring debt and cover its 2012 budget
deficit and is now beginning talks with the EU and International
Monetary Fund over a full bailout programme.
President Demetris Christofias said on Thursday he hoped
Cyprus would be able to raise more from Russia while also
negotiating a package from the EU/IMF, but EU officials have
dismissed those suggestions, saying that Cyprus, a euro zone
member, needs to decide where its priorities lie.
Asked if Cyprus could take more loans from Russia or China,
which has also been suggested, the finance minister did not
dismiss it but said no decisions had yet been taken.
"You mention Russia or China," he said in response to a
question from Reuters.
"Even if we have a response from these two destinations that
you have mentioned, it is something that we will take to our
friends, peers, and discuss it with them, and then we will see
how we deal with it.
"It is not an issue that has come about, and therefore if it
comes, when it comes, we will discuss it with our partners in
Europe and we will take decisions there."
Finance officials estimate Cyprus needs at least 10 billion
euros just to recapitalise its banking and financial sector and
may need more to prop up the wider economy.
A bailout of that size would equal nearly 60 percent of its
gross domestic product of just 17.3 billion euros.
It would also come with strict conditions, including
oversight of the financial sector and unpopular reforms to
pension and labour markets, something Cyprus wants to avoid.
The 2.5 billion euro, 4.5-year loan from Russia came with
much less apparent conditionality, but that could change.
Moscow remains keen to develop its energy footprint in
Europe, including pipelines for its own gas, and is close to
Syria, which continues to receive Russian arms, including
shipments that Western diplomats believe have passed via Cyprus.
($1 = 0.8077 euros)
(Writing by Luke Baker, editing by Jane Baird)