* Road controls make trains more attractive route
* Two Eritrean stowaways died in Tyrol this month
By Shadia Nasralla
STEINACH AM BRENNER/Austria, Dec 17 Austrian
police have started searching freight trains travelling from
Italy at night to tackle illegal migration and avert further
deaths after two stowaways died earlier this month.
A man and a woman from Eritrea who had hidden on a train
bringing trucks from Italy were crushed to death in Austria's
Tyrol province, likely having lost consciousness due to freezing
Since early November, police have picked up about 90 African
migrants heading for Germany on railways in Tyrol, which are
used by most cargo trains going from Italy across the Alps.
Austrian police found 71 dead migrants locked into a lorry
in August 2015, and many officials fear another disaster.
"Illegal migrants always try to scout out new ways to get
north. We have reacted to this phenomenon of freight train
stowaways and intensified controls" said Manfred Dummer from
Tyrol police about the new search regime that started this week.
Police stop and search all goods trains coming from Italy
between 2200-0600 local time in the shadows of the ski slopes of
the sleepy border town of Steinach, about 80 kilometres (50
miles) closer to Italy than Woergl, where the two migrants died.
"Every kilometre that they're not on the train at these
temperatures is vital," Dummer said.
With temperatures of minus 4 degrees Celsius (24.8 degrees
Fahrenheit) overnight, about 10 policemen and rail security
officers in Steinach train station carefully searched about 10
freight trains, some of which were about 600 meters (1,970 feet)
Austria championed the de facto closing this spring of the
Balkan route which hundreds of thousands of people fleeing war,
violence and destruction in the Middle East and Afghanistan used
to reach western Europe last year.
Countries such as Macedonia and Hungary have strongly
tightened controls of road traffic and green border regions or
have erected fences.
This, and a deal the European Union reached with Turkey to
stem the flow, have resulted in more and more people resorting
to travelling across the Mediterranean in flimsy boats to reach
Italy. Most of them want to go north to Austria, Germany or
Scandinavian countries -- some as stowaways on freight trains.
Gerald Tatzgern, who heads the anti-human trafficking unit
at the Interior Ministry, says police pick up about 100 to 150
illegal immigrants a day in Austria.
The majority of those are found on passenger and freight
trains. Tatzgern singled out Bulgaria and Serbia as hubs for
traffickers smuggling Afghans between cargo on trains, sometimes
in groups of up to 30 people in one wagon.
Last month, one migrant died from an electric shock received
after climbing on the roof of a truck transported on a train in
Austria's Styria province.
In another recent case, a group of people had been locked
into a freight train wagon in Turkey and were found barely alive
in Austria. "They had very little water left, it was tight,"
"We avoid catastrophes on a daily basis."
(Editing by Helen Popper)