* Headquarters of Islamist Ansar al-Sharia group targeted
* Group was linked to last week's attack on U.S. consulate
* Crowd also attacked pro-government militia
By Peter Graff and Ghaith Shennib
BENGHAZI, Libya, Sept 22 The two main Islamist
militias in Derna, a city in eastern Libya known as an Islamist
stronghold, withdrew from their five bases on Saturday and
announced they were disbanding, residents said, a day after a
militia was driven out of Benghazi.
The Abu Slim and Ansar al-Sharia militias' announcements
were apparently motivated by events in Benghazi, where Ansar
al-Sharia, a group linked with last week's deadly attack on the
U.S. consulate, withdrew from all its bases in the city late on
Friday amid mass demonstrations in support of the government.
Those demonstrations in Libya's second city, also in the
east, erupted into violence when the crowd turned against
another group that had sworn support for the government.
"The militia in Derna saw what happened last night and they
decided: we will not kill our brothers. So they disbanded,"
Siraj Shennib, a 29-year-old linguistics professor who had been
part of protests against the militia, said by telephone.
"They said they no longer exist as militias in Derna. They
will go home and leave security to the interior ministry and
Shennib said anti-militia protesters had been maintaining a
vigil against the groups in Derna for 10 days, and the protests
became much larger after a car-jacking three days ago. Residents
blame the militia for creating a climate of insecurity.
"The people started coming because it has reached the limit.
They are saying: we've had enough," he said. "It was a very
peaceful operation. We are happy and we appreciate the effort
the militias have done to save people from conflict."
Libyan LANA news agency quoted commanders from both militias
as saying they were disbanding and vacating their compounds.
Abu al-Shalali, 27, an Abu Slim fighter who trained as an
electrical engineer, said there was a non-violent confrontation
at one camp between protesters and fighters who did not
initially want to leave but ultimately decided they could not
use force against the crowd.
"We can't kill our brothers and our cousins," he said,
adding that camp housed a jail with 50 prisoners, all of whom
were freed. He said they were common criminals and that their
release would probably cause a crime spree.
Derna, a coastal city overlooking the Mediterranean, is
known across the region as a major recruitment centre for
fighters who joined the wars in Iraq, Afghanistan and Syria.
Shennib said the city's reputation was an exaggeration.
"Yes, we have a group of people who are jihadis. But it's
not very dangerous at all. It's a normal city. And no one would
say that it's a base for al Qaeda. That's just talk," he said.
Ansar al-Sharia was driven out of Benghazi in a surge of
anger against the armed groups that control large parts of Libya
more than a year after the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi.
A spokesman for Ansar al-Sharia, which has been linked to
the attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi in which the U.S.
ambassador and three other Americans were killed, said it had
evacuated its Benghazi bases "to preserve security in the city".
In a dramatic sign of Libya's fragility, after sweeping
through Ansar's bases the crowd went on to attack a
pro-government militia, believing them to be Islamists,
triggering an armed response in which at least 11 people were
killed and more than 60 wounded.
The invasion of Ansar al-Sharia's compounds, which met
little resistance, appeared to be part of a sweep of militia
bases by police, troops and activists following a large
demonstration against militia units in Benghazi on Friday.
Demonstrators in Benghazi pulled down militia flags and set
a vehicle on fire inside what was once the base of Gaddafi's
security forces. Hundreds of men waving swords and even a meat
cleaver chanted "Libya, Libya", "No more al Qaeda!" and "The
blood we shed for freedom shall not go in vain!"
"After what happened at the American consulate, the people
of Benghazi had enough of the extremists," demonstrator Hassan
Ahmed said. "This place is like the Bastille. This is where
Gaddafi controlled Libya from, and then Ansar al-Sharia took it
over. This is a turning point for the people of Benghazi."
PRESSURE ON OBAMA
Libya's government had promised Washington it would find the
perpetrators of what appeared to be a well-planned attack on the
U.S. consulate, which coincided with protests against an
anti-Islam video and the anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.
The attack and the outrage directed at the United States
over the video across the Muslim world raised questions about
President Barack Obama's handling of the so-called Arab Spring.
Although Ansar al-Sharia denies any role in the consulate
attack, the latest events in the cradle of Libya's revolution
appeared at least in part to vindicate Obama's faith in Libya's
"It's a pretty clear sign from the Libyan people that
they're not going to trade the tyranny of a dictator for the
tyranny of the mob," said White House spokesman Josh Earnest.
Libyan political scientist Ahmad al-Atrash told Reuters:
"People in Benghazi and all over Libya want to get these
militias under control ... The overwhelming feeling is against
any element that keeps the situation unstable."
The second half of Friday night's protest proved his point.
A crowd swelling into the thousands moved on to attack a
separate Benghazi compound where the powerful pro-government
Rafallah al-Sahati militia, safeguarding a big weapons store,
opened fire on the assailants.
As looters later tried to leave the scene, vigilantes
wielding clubs and machetes tried to prevent them driving off
with heavy weapons. Hospital officials told Reuters they had a
total of five dead and more than 60 wounded.
Police found six more dead bodies near the compound on
Saturday morning, police officer Ahmed Ali Agouri said.
The six dead men were bodyguards of a colonel in the regular
Libyan army who went missing on Friday, and the prospect that
the killings and kidnapping may have been the work of a militia
group suggested there could be more tension between the army and
militia in coming days.
Nasser Abdelhaaq, a Rafallah al-Sahati commander, said the
brigade had returned to their compound on Saturday morning.
He suggested the crowd had been deliberately manipulated to
turn on Rafallah al-Sahati, an officially approved militia that
also has Islamist leanings.
RELIANT ON MILITIAS
"Twenty-five percent of those who came were there as
saboteurs," he said. "Some of them, we know who they are, they
were working with Gaddafi's security brigades."
Libya's new rulers know that, while militias pose the
biggest threat to their authority, the state's weak security
forces rely on former rebel units, armed with heavy weapons,
that fought in the uprising.
Like the rest of Libya, Benghazi is still prowled by dozens
of armed groups operating openly, usually with the official
permission of a government that is powerless to stop them.
Ansar al-Sharia's overt Benghazi presence was never huge.
Its leaders proclaim democratic government to be incompatible
with Islam, and the presence on the streets of pickup trucks
bearing their Kalashnikov logo was an affront to the
But a doctor in hospital where Ansar al-Sharia had been
providing security for the past six weeks said the group had
"I don't know about their religion or ideology, but they
solved problems," said Abdulmonin Salim. "I don't care if they
come from another planet. I want a secure hospital."
The U.S. consulate attack seems to have provided a strong
impetus for local authorities to rally support behind the weak
government. Thousands marched in Friday's "Rescue Benghazi Day"
in support of democracy and against Islamist militias.
U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens was well liked, and many
Libyans condemned the attack on the consulate despite being
angered by the anti-Islamic film made in California that