* 80 percent cut is Finland's first fixed target to 2050
* Aim is part of "wider international effort" before accord
HELSINKI, Oct 15 Finland aims to cut greenhouse
gases by 80 percent or more from 1990 levels by 2050, the
government said on Thursday in a report outlining its long-term
climate and energy policy.
"Unmitigated climate change may result in immense human
suffering and destroy ecosystems," the Finnish government said
in a statement 52 days before governments meet in Copenhagen to
try to agree a new global climate accord.
"To minimise the risks and harm, the government supports
efforts to limit global warming over the period (to 2050) to two
degrees Celsius at most," it said.
In its energy strategy last year, Finland said it was
committed to the European Union's target to reduce emissions by
20 percent from 1990 levels by 2020 and to boost the share of
renewable energy to 38 percent from around 30 percent currently.
Finland had also backed EU aims requiring 60-80 percent
emission cuts from industrialised countries by 2050 compared to
1990 levels, but it had no fixed target for 2050 before.
Its new report said a long-term shift to a low-carbon
society would require, among other things, revised energy
standards in building and renovation work and adjustments in
"The target of the Foresight Report is a shift to a thriving
low-carbon society in which emissions have been reduced by at
least 80 percent from the 1990 level by 2050 as part of a wider
international effort," Finland said.
"In practice, the achievement of emission reductions in
Finland requires virtually zero-emission energy and road
transport sectors in the long term," the government said.
It added that developed and emerging economies would need to
bear their own share of the responsibility, but Finland would
help to seek funding for poorer countries' efforts to cope with
The report set out scenarios showing that emissions would be
curbed by boosting energy efficiency in all sectors, increasing
the use of low-carbon technology and renewable energy, and
through carbon capture storage (CCS) and nuclear power.
Governments are due to convene a U.N. climate conference in
the Danish capital on Dec. 7-18 to try to reach a climate deal
to replace provisions of the Kyoto Protocol expiring in 2012.
The talks have stalled over how to share the costs of
meeting the climate challenge between rich and poor nations and
on the size of industrialised countries' emissions cuts.
"Finland will actively work towards reaching a comprehensive
and ambitious agreement in climate negotiations and pursue the
integration of climate issues in foreign policy and
international cooperation," the government said.
(Reporting by Eva Lamppu; editing by Philippa Fletcher)