NEW DELHI Finance Minister Palaniappan Chidambaram presented the Union budget for 2008/09 on Friday, the fifth and final full one of the administration
before elections due by May 2009.
Following are highlights from the budget. The entire text can be seen at indiabudget.nic.in.
* Total plan spending in 2008/09 seen at 2.4 trillion rupees ($60.3 billion). Non-plan spending seen at 5.07 trillion rupees.
* Government to waive debts of small farmers. The total cost of the farm debt waiver scheme will be 600 billion rupees.
* Fiscal deficit in 2008/09 seen at 2.5 percent of GDP compared to 3.1 percent of GDP in the previous year. Government may need one more year to eliminate revenue deficit.
* Revenue deficit seen at 1 percent of GDP in 2008/09 compared to 1.4 percent of GDP the previous year.
* Net borrowing will be 1 trillion rupees in 2008/09, compared to 1.1 trillion rupees in 2007/08. Gross market borrowing will be 1.45 trillion rupees and market stablisation scheme bond ceiling will be 2.48 billion rupees.
* Government confident of GDP growth of 8.8 percent in 2007/08.
* Keeping inflation under check is a cornerstone of government policy. There is pressure on domestic prices from food articles.
* "There is pressure on domestic prices, especially the prices of food articles. Management of the supply side of food articles will be the most crucial task in the ensuing year," he said.
* There is a need to manage capital inflows more actively.
* Government to use fiscal policy to stimulate industrial growth.
* Government to increase defence spending by 10 percent in 2008/09.
* 2008/09 budget education spending to rise 20 percent.
* 2008/09 budget health spending to rise 15 percent.
* 2008/09 spending on National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme seen at 160 billion rupees.
* Urban infrastructure spending to rise to 68.7 billion rupees.
* Rural infrastructure spending will be 140 billion rupees.
* Government spending on national highways will be 130 billion rupees.
* Food subsidies will cost 327 billion rupees in 2008/09. Petrol subsidies will cost 29 billion rupees.
* Farms up to 2 hectares will have a complete waiver of loans.
* Debt waiver scheme will cover 500 billion rupees of loans.
* All agricultural loans disbursed by scheduled commercial banks, regional rural banks and cooperative credit institutions up to March 31, 2007, and overdue as of Dec. 31, 2007 will be covered under the scheme.
* Implementation of farm debt scheme will be completed by June 30, 2008.
* Government determined to be self-sufficient in food grains.
* "The ministry of agriculture has estimated the total output of foodgrain in 2007-08 will be 219.32 million tonnes and that will be an all-time record," he said.
* Farm credit target at 2.8 trillion rupees.
* Government sets aside 200 billion rupees for irrigation.
* Government will give special attention to coconut, cashew and pepper sectors
* Government to give 400 million rupees for special purpose tea fund.
* Crop insurance scheme will be introduced. Weather-based crop insurance scheme to continue.
* Fertiliser subsidy seen at 310 billion rupees.
* "While these ongoing programmes will raise the level of investment in agriculture, I think we need an ambitious scheme of a much larger proportion to revive agriculture," he said.
* "Having carefully weighed the pros and cons and having taken into account the resource position, I place before this house a scheme of debt waiver and debt relief for farmers."
* Government sees no changes in peak rate of customs duty.
* Government to reduce general Cenvat (central value-added tax) to 14 percent on all goods.
* Excise duty on pharmaceuticals sector cut to 8 percent.
* Excise duty on small and hybrid cars to be cut. Excise duty
on two- and three-wheelers cut to 12 percent from 16 percent.
* Government abolishes 6 percent ad-valorem duty on petrol
and diesel, and replaces it with specific duty of 1.35 rupees per litre on both items.
* Government to levy 5 percent customs duty on naphtha imports by polymer units.
* Income tax threshold raised to 150,000 rupees.
* Tax to GDP ratio in 2007/08 seen at 12.5.
* Government proposes increasing short-term capital gains tax to 15 percent and a commodity transaction tax for futures.
* Government proposes to withdraw banking transaction tax from April 2009.
* No change to corporate tax rates.
* Five-year tax holiday for hospitals.
* Government will introduce coal and power sector reforms.
* Government to create national fund for transmission and distribution of power.
"These goals (of inclusive growth) can only be acheived by
considerable increase in national income and our economic policy must therefore aim at plenty and equitable distribution. How can we have a welfare state without wealth?" he said.