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-- The authors are Reuters Breakingviews columnists. The opinions expressed are their own --
By Ian Campbell and Una Galani
LONODN/DUBAI (Reuters Breakingviews) - Osama bin Laden's death is an important landmark which leaves hope for the Arab spring intact. The initial, obvious, response is to expect celebratory gains and for global equities and commodity prices to advance. But while the medium-term outlook is undoubtedly improved -- for the United States and the rest of the world -- bin Laden's death may heighten investors' sense of risk in the near term, bolstering the dollar and curbing flows into speculative assets.
In recent weeks and months markets have been partying on something bin Laden himself might have welcomed: a plunging dollar. Traders have been shorting the greenback and going long a host of other assets, not least in emerging economies. Last week Ben Bernanke, the Federal Reserve chairman, fuelled this tendency by suggesting the Fed was in no hurry to raise its policy interest rate. U.S. dollar weakness has been a big factor in record prices for silver and gold and the highs for currencies such as the Australian and Singapore dollars. The euro is at $1.48, despite the great difficulties of the euro zone periphery.
Bin Laden's death doesn't change the broad market picture materially -- U.S. interest rates will remain very low -- but it may, at least temporarily, alter the market mood. It could make markets wary of reprisal attacks and of heightened risks in North Africa and the Islamic world. It is easy to overstate the al Qaeda influence on world finance, however. The risks posed have not helped world growth but the bursting of the dot-com bubble and the credit crunch, balanced by the emergence of new economic powers such as China, have been of greater importance.
There is little direct danger posed to the Arab spring. The ambitions of this movement are socially and economically progressive: vastly different from al Qaeda's aims. Bin Laden's diminishing influence since 2001 may also be observed in the Middle East and North Africa where tyrants are being toppled without recourse to the violent tactics, intolerance and religious extremism he represented. Though the democratisation process will be slow, and will doubtless suffer some setbacks, the Arab spring is a catalyst that brings real hope for broad-based prosperity over the longer term.
Bin Laden's death is an advance that may eventually help the U.S. economy and its currency by providing scope to reduce defence spending and the budget deficit. But near-term market moves will depend on whether or not risks associated with his death bolster the dollar, and curb the dollar carry trade that has been favouring speculative excesses. The silver price, which had become ridiculously extended, the most egregious example at present of speculative excess in the global economy, plunged overnight. It would not take much for silver, equities and commodities to turn tail and retreat more.
Bin Laden's death is a victory that comes with uncertain consequences in the short term. For all that, though, it is still a victory, and an important one for the world and the United States.
-- Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden was killed on May 1 in a firefight with U.S. security forces in Pakistan, President Barack Obama has said.
-- "Justice has been done," Obama said in a late-night White House speech announcing the death of the elusive mastermind of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on New York and Washington that killed nearly 3,000 people.
-- Obama said U.S. forces led a targeted operation that killed bin Laden in Abbottabad north of Islamabad. His body was recovered, he said.
-- The U.S. State Department on Sunday warned Americans worldwide of "enhanced potential for anti-American violence."
-- In Asian trading on May 2 the price of silver fell by 10 percent following news of bin Laden's death, to $43.04 an ounce, its lowest in nearly two weeks, before recovering to $44.92. The U.S. dollar index traded at 73.15, up 0.3 percent on the day in Asian trading recovering from falls last week that took it to its lowest level since mid-2008.
Editing by Robert Cole and David Evans