BANGALORE Business from China and India is robust enough for shippers such as Paragon Shipping, Box Ships Inc and Seanergy Maritime Holdings not to be losing sleep over financial crises in the United States and Europe, executives said.
Brokers, including Intermodal and Wells Fargo Securities, have said the market volatility sparked by Standard & Poor's U.S. sovereign debt rating cut and Europe's debt crisis, could trip the global economy into a double-dip recession and land a body-blow to dry bulk trade and the shipping sector generally.
Aristides Pittas, CEO at Euroseas, said the market turmoil could slow growth in global and U.S. Gross Domestic Product.
"This is something we will continue to monitor closely as dry bulk and container trades closely follow GDP developments," he said on a conference call.
The Baltic Exchange's main sea-freight index, which tracks rates to ship dry commodities such as coal and iron ore, has declined BY nearly a third this year as growth in demand to ship commodities has lagged the increase in vessel supply.
Companies do not expect much short-term impact on the dry bulk market.
"The dry bulk market is not affected by what we see today ... the instability in the United States and Europe," said Michael Bodouroglou, founder and CEO of Paragon Shipping, a dry bulk shipper valued at $76 million.
"This is because the dry bulk market is primarily driven by the emerging economies ... China, India and others."
China's exports hit a record in July and the world's No.2 economy's imports of raw materials such as copper and iron ore saw strong gains. The recent fall in global commodity prices is expected to result in more Chinese buying.
Bodouroglou, who also heads container shipper Box Ships, said the dry bulk market would remain challenging for the next couple of years. The business of transporting containers, however, looks much healthier.
"We're looking at buying container ships because we believe this sector is in a different point in the cycle," he told Reuters by telephone from Greece. "The order book is much healthier and demand is being driven by Asian economies."
Growing overcapacity in world shipping is setting the market on course for a fresh crisis over the next two years, and weaker operators will fail, the head of ship financier DVB Bank told Reuters.
Seanergy Maritime CEO Dale Ploughman said the market uncertainty could make it tougher for companies to access funds.
"The dry bulk sector is not the flavour of the day and banks have their own problems and will be very picky on who they're prepared to support," he told Reuters.
Bodouroglou warned that some companies may default on loans, although he added he did not see any liquidity issue at his companies.
"There are companies which have breached covenants, and they may breach covenants," he said.
(Reporting by Krishna N Das and Vaishnavi Bala in BANGALORE; Additional reporting by by Alexander Huebner in FRANKFURT and Jonathan Saul in LONDON, Editing by Ian Geoghegan)