Overview -- We are affirming our 'AA/A-1+' unsolicited long- and short-term sovereign credit ratings on the Kingdom of Belgium. -- The negative outlook reflects our view that we could lower the long-term rating on Belgium if its economic or budgetary performance deviate significantly from our projections. Rating Action On Jan. 29, 2013, Standard & Poor's Ratings Services affirmed its 'AA/A-1+' unsolicited long- and short-term sovereign credit ratings on the Kingdom of Belgium (Belgium). The outlook is negative. Our transfer and convertibility (T&C) assessment for Belgium remains at 'AAA'. Rationale The ratings on Belgium are supported by our view of its high levels of economic prosperity and its export-oriented economy, a strong track record of fiscal consolidation since the mid-1990s, a generally high national savings rate, and, consequently, a net external creditor position. The ratings on Belgium are constrained by our view of its high government debt ratio, high--albeit decreasing--contingent liabilities, and challenges related to fiscal and structural policy. Following a prolonged period of political uncertainty, we believe that the comprehensive policy implementation by the coalition government since late 2011--including state reform, budgetary consolidation measures, pension reform, labor market reform, and other potential economic growth-increasing measures--has contributed to loosening the political deadlock. In our view, the government has made progress despite difficulties arising from the multilayered governance framework. This includes the imbalances in the fiscal federalism framework, which, in our view, diminishes the predictability of policymaking when compared with other 'AA' rated sovereigns. We believe that we could see gradually reduced policy cohesion among the coalition parties in the run-up to the general elections scheduled for 2014. Nevertheless, we believe that the current coalition is likely to stay in place until then. We believe that the government's policy implementation has contributed to lowering the general government deficit to an estimated 3% of GDP in 2012 (excluding the transfers related to financial institutions). However, despite the budgetary measures adopted so far, we see risks to the government's 2.2% of GDP fiscal target for 2013. While we believe that Belgium's subnational levels of government will produce the required budgetary consolidation effort in a timely manner, the underlying economic growth performance may be weaker than the government expects (0.7% in real terms in 2013), which suggests to us that additional measures may be required to meet the 2013 target. This, in turn, could delay the turnaround in the trajectory of net general government debt, which, in our view, is likely to peak this year at just below 95% of GDP before declining thereafter. The burden on the government of further recapitalizing Dexia S.A. (estimated to have been EUR2.9 billion in 2012), however, was more than offset by KBC's repayments of its loans to the state (EUR3.5 billion), with another EUR1.17 billion reimbursement due to the Flemish regional government from KBC in the first half of 2013. Although on a declining trend, we consider that Belgium's outstanding financial sector contingent liabilities continue to present a risk to the government's budgetary position. While state guarantees to KBC, BNP Paribas Fortis (including Royal Park Investments), and--following the restructured multilateral agreement with France and Luxembourg--Dexia have gradually wound down, the outstanding guaranteed amount of Dexia's liabilities was still high at around EUR43 billion (around 11.4% of GDP) at the end of January 2013. Belgium's economic growth performance is uncertain, in our view, due to the difficult external environment, especially in its neighboring countries. This has had a negative effect on Belgian exports, which represented more than 80% of GDP in 2012, while imports were 83% of GDP at the same date. Moreover, weakening domestic demand, on the back of uncertain economic prospects, increased unemployment, and ongoing budgetary consolidation, presents downside risks to our current real GDP per capita growth projection of -0.1% in 2013 and 0.5% in 2014. In order to boost the economy's growth potential, the government has started to implement measures to increase labor participation and improve the competitiveness of the economy, which in recent years has been posting current account deficits. Nevertheless, we estimate that Belgium was in an estimated net external creditor position of around 65% of current account receipts at year-end 2012 and we consider this to be a credit strength. Outlook The negative outlook reflects our view that we could lower the long-term rating on Belgium if its economic or budgetary performance deviate significantly from our projections or contingent liabilities push the net government debt ratio above 100% of GDP (versus our 2013 estimate of 94.5% in 2013). Conversely, we could revise the outlook to stable during 2013 if the government continues to comply with its budgetary strategy, if risks related to the economic growth outlook and the materialization of contingent liabilities subside, and if the government implements measures to deal with impending structural economic and budgetary policy challenges. Related Criteria And Research All articles listed below are available on RatingsDirect on the Global Credit Portal, unless otherwise stated. -- The Eurozone Debt Crisis: 2013 Could Be A Watershed Year, Jan. 9, 2013 -- Sovereign Rating And Country T&C Assessment Histories, Jan. 4, 2013 Ratings List Ratings Affirmed Belgium (Kingdom of) (Unsolicited Ratings) Sovereign Credit Rating AA/Negative/A-1+ Transfer & Convertibility Assessment AAA Certificate Of Deposit A-1+ Fonds de l'Infrastructure Ferroviaire Senior Unsecured* AA *Guaranteed by Belgium (Kingdom of). N.B.-This does not include all ratings affected.