* Pakistani faces sentencing on Tuesday
* India says Pakistan must not export terrorism
* Analysts see little impact on India-Pakistan ties
(Adds details on other accused, paragraph 9)
By Rina Chandran
MUMBAI, May 3 An Indian court on Monday found a
Pakistani man guilty on 86 charges from the 2008 Mumbai
attacks, including waging war on India and murder, in a trial
that strained ties between New Delhi and Islamabad.
Mohammad Ajmal Kasab, the lone surviving gunman from the
attacks that killed 166 people, will be sentenced on Tuesday
and could face the gallows.
"It was not a simple act of murder. It was war," judge M.L.
Tahiliyani said in a summary of the 1,522 page judgment. "This
type of preparation is not made by ordinary criminals. This
type of preparation is made by those waging war."
India accuses Pakistan-based militants of organising the
attacks, saying Islamabad is failing to act against those who
organised the raids. Pakistan denies involvement and says it is
prosecuting seven suspected militants for their role.
"The judgment itself is a message to Pakistan that they
should not export terrorism to India," Indian Home Minister
Palaniappan Chidambaram told reporters after the court
New Delhi broke off peace talks after the attacks, saying
Islamabad must first act against militants operating from its
soil, including Pakistan-based group Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), of
which Kasab is accused of being a member.
The verdict came days after the prime ministers of India
and Pakistan held talks in Bhutan and asked officials to take
steps to normalise relations, signalling a thaw in ties that
analysts say should not be affected by Monday's verdict.
One risk to normalising relations would be another major
militant attack in India and the ensuing political pressure
that could force the Indian government to break off dialogue
India had charged 38 people in connection with the attacks,
most of them living in Pakistan. On Tuesday, the court found 20
of them guilty of conspiracy, including LeT founder Hafiz
Mohammad Saeed and LeT commander Zaki-ur Rehman Lakhvi.
It acquitted two Indians accused of being LeT members and
of conducting reconnaissance in Mumbai for lack of evidence.
Pakistani government officials were not immediately
available for comment. Yahya Mujahid, a spokesman for Saeed,
denied involvement and said the acquittal of the Indians "has
also raised many questions".
For a FACTBOX on the accused see [ID:nSGE63T0B4]
CAUGHT ON TAPE
Many foreigners and some of India's wealthy business elite,
as well as poor train commuters, were killed by 10 Pakistani
gunmen in a three-day rampage through some of Mumbai's
best-known landmarks, including two luxury hotels and a Jewish
Kasab, 22, was filmed walking through Mumbai's main train
station carrying an AK-47 rifle and a knapsack on his back.
Nearly 60 people were gunned down in the crowded station.
Police arrested Kasab, who was wounded, on the first night
of the attacks. He initially admitted his role but later said
he had been framed.
On Monday, Kasab, dressed in white, stood but did not react
to a summary of the verdict read out to him in Hindi by the
judge and then sat down.
He was also found guilty of offences ranging from damage to
public property to entering the country without a passport.
Crowds gathered outside the courtroom, which was protected
by armoured vehicles and snipers, before the verdict was
announced. Relatives spoke of their anguish and their
"You should understand our feelings. He should be punished
immediately," Kavita Karkare, the wife of a police official
killed in the attacks, told CNN/IBN TV before the judgment.
(Additional reporting by Zeeshan Haider in Islamabad; Writing
by C.J. Kuncheria; Editing by Alistair Scrutton and Nick