* Monthly diesel imports down by as much as 20 pct from last
* Demand from mining sector expected to be low until end of
* Shift seen towards cheaper alternatives like natural gas
By Jessica Jaganathan
SINGAPORE, May 23 Indonesia's diesel demand is
expected to remain weak at least until the end of the year as a
slowing economy, contraction in the mining sector and a shift
towards cheaper alternatives curb use of the fuel, industry
Indonesia, one of the biggest importers of diesel in Asia,
has slowed imports by as much as 20 percent a month this year
compared with last year, the sources said. The fuel is used in
the industrial, mining, agricultural and transport sectors.
While a slight pick-up is expected from the industrial
sectors ahead of the Muslim fasting month of Ramadan, which
starts in early July this year, overall monthly imports are
still expected to lag previous years, they said.
"Diesel demand from the industrial sectors might pick up
close to Ramadan, but demand from mining sectors look hopeless
till the end of the year," said a source who supplies diesel to
Asian gasoil margins fell to a more than two year low in
April due to weak regional demand from countries like Indonesia
and Vietnam, before recovering this month due to summer demand
from Saudi Arabia.
Indonesia's economy grew at its slowest pace in 2 1/2 years
in the first quarter, while the mining sector contracted nearly
half a percent compared with a year ago.
Demand from mining companies in Southeast Asia's top diesel
buyer has also faded since last year following a drop in coal
prices and after an export tax was levied on 21 metal ores and
The country's biggest diesel importer, state-owned energy
firm Pertamina, has been importing about 2.8 million to 3.5
million barrels a month this year and is expected to buy a
similar volume for June, traders said.
This is down from an average of 4 million to 4.5 million
barrels a month from previous years for Pertamina, they said.
Other importers, including AKR Corporindo, BP
, Wilmar International and Kernel Oil, have
imported a combined average of about 2.5 million barrels a month
this year, down from 3 million barrels a month last year, one of
the sources said.
SHIFT TOWARDS CHEAPER ALTERNATIVES
Another reason for the reduction in diesel imports is due to
the country's gradual shift towards cheaper alternatives,
"Diesel demand has been coming down because utilization of
gas, coal and renewable energy is going up to replace diesel
step-by-step," a source based in Indonesia said.
Indonesia, the world's third-largest LNG exporter, is
increasing the use of natural gas at home to avoid costly
imports and to feed rising demand. Supplies have also declined
from its ageing fields.
Lower coal prices have also been one of the main drivers in
the reduction in diesel imports, traders said.
(Editing by Tom Hogue)