(Fixes misspelling of 'Githurai' in first para)
By Kagondu Njagi
GITHURAI, Kenya, Feb 7 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) -
Vegetable seller Jacinta Nyokabi used to fret about what to do
when her tomatoes began to rot at her stand in Githurai's open
She could dump them in the market's drain to get rid of them
or just leave them sitting in a corner. Either way she risked
fines and the ire of market authorities.
"If I throw away waste, county officials will accuse me of
contaminating the market because rotting fruits and vegetables
smell and attract rats which spread diseases," complained the
32-year-old mother of two.
But now there are eager customers for her rotting tomatoes:
A herd of 20 meandering camels, brought in from arid northern
Kenya to act as garbage disposals for the market's food waste.
"The camels feed on everything that we give them and so the
food is not dumped away," said Nyokabi, who has been selling
fruits and vegetables at the Kiambu County market, northeast of
Nairobi, for two years.
The market's new low-carbon food waste recycling system is
the work of Stephen Kariuki, who owns the animals and herds them
through the market each morning.
To earn a living, Kariuki used to rummage through the many
landfills in Nairobi for plastic bottles, which he would sell to
private waste recycling businesses.
"Everyone wants plastics so that they can make other things
from them," says the 32-year-old who grew up in the Mathare
slum, on the fringes of the capital. "But nobody is interested
in rotting food."
That changed when he hitched a ride to Northern Kenya as a
loader for a timber merchant. While there, he noticed the
hardship camels go through as they scratch for fodder from
"I remembered the fruits and vegetables that were wasting
away in Nairobi and said to myself that I could try my luck with
camels," he remembers.
With $120 in savings from selling plastics he managed to buy
the first camel and transport it to the Githurai market in
January 2016. Since then, Kariuki has made more trips to
Northern Kenya and raised an urban herd of about 25 camels, as
well as a few cows and goats.
"I prefer camels because they do not stray away to destroy
people's property," he said. "Camels also like the fleshy market
waste which they seem to like more than the parched arid
The camels produce milk, which Kariuki can sell, and other
income as well.
"A well fed, healthy camel like this can fetch as much as
$1,000," said the smiling herder as he showed off his beasts.
"Their milk is very nutritious. During the weekends, I fit them
with riding gear to give estate children leisure rides at a
So far, Kariuki has few competitors in his new market niche
- at least for now. And traders say they are grateful that the
passing dromedaries are saving them money and worries.
NOT FOR EXPORT
Nyokabi, perched on a seat in a shed roofed with the
flapping remains of paper cartons, said the camels were
particularly useful in a market without any cold storage or
formal waste disposal system, despite traders paying a 50-cent
daily fee to the county.
Market traders can face fines of up to $1 a day for dumping
their rotting wares, she said.
According to Asaah Ndambi, a researcher with the
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), at least
3,200 tonnes of waste are produced in Nairobi every day. Organic
waste, especially from farm produce, accounts for 2,000 tonnes
of this figure.
A share of the waste comes from farms that produce
vegetables, fruit and flowers for export.
A 2015 report by Feedback Global, a London-based
organisation that combats food waste, said many Kenyan farmers
grow fruits and vegetables with the expectation of exporting the
produce to the EU market, to take advantage of attractive prices
However, over 30 percent of the food is rejected while still
at the farm due to EU regulations and standards that bar farmers
from exporting food that is not the right size, colour, or
shape, or that is simply unattractive, the report said.
"Most of this food ends up being sold in city markets where
demand for fruits and vegetables is still high," argued
economist Robert Mudida, a professor of political economy at
Strathmore Business School in Nairobi.
"Poor roads make the food to be knocked around and so by the
time it reaches the market it has started going bad. Poor
storage spoils what freshness was remaining of the product," he
(Reporting by Kagondu Njagi; editing by Laurie Goering :;
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