(Recasts with more tightening possible; adds central bank and
analyst's comments, background)
MEXICO CITY May 18 Mexico's central bank
unexpectedly hiked its key interest rate on Thursday as it
sought to keep in check inflation that remains above its target,
providing little evidence the tightening cycle was over and
prompting the peso to briefly reverse losses.
Banco de Mexico's governing board unanimously decided to
increase the benchmark rate by 25 basis points, to
6.75 percent, its highest level since March 2009, surprising
most market participants who expected the bank would hold rates
The bank said in a statement after its monetary policy
meeting that it hiked the rate in order to "avoid contagion in
the process of price formation, anchor inflation expectations"
and help inflation converge to its target.
Annual inflation is running at its fastest pace in nearly
eight years, well above both the bank's 3 percent target and its
4 percent tolerance level, as consumer prices rose
5.82 percent in the year through April.
Banco de Mexico said it expected inflation to remain above
the target range during 2017 and to start converging toward its
3 percent target by year-end and during 2018, leaving the door
open to new rate hikes.
"The governing board will closely follow the evolution of
the determinants of inflation and its medium- and long-term
expectations. ... It will also keep an eye on the evolution of
the relative monetary position between Mexico and the United
States," the statement said.
"This, in order to be able to continue taking the necessary
measures to achieve the efficient convergence of inflation to
the 3.0 percent target," it added.
While 17 of 25 analysts and economists surveyed in a Reuters
poll had expected the central bank to keep the rate steady at
6.5 percent, a minority had forecast a rate increase.
Speaking at an event in Washington in April, Banco de Mexico
chief Agustin Carstens hinted that the cycle of monetary
tightening might not be over, saying there were "still some
issues that need to be taken care of."
"Banxico seems to think it has more work to do," said Neil
Shearing, chief emerging markets economist at Capital Economics.
"We're comfortable with our forecast for one final 25bp hike in
the policy rate to 7.0 percent in this cycle."
(Reporting by Mexico City newsroom; Writing by Anthony
Esposito; Editing by Jeffrey Benkoe and Leslie Adler)