* IAEA reports increase in Iran's higher-enriched uranium
* Demolition at military site would hamper nuclear inquiry
* IAEA report issued as Israel threatens air strikes
By Fredrik Dahl
VIENNA, Aug 30 Iran has doubled the number of
uranium enrichment centrifuges it has in an underground bunker,
a U.N. report said on Thursday, showing Tehran has continued to
expand its nuclear programme despite Western pressure and the
threat of an Israeli attack.
As Israeli politicians increased their talk of air strikes
on Iran's nuclear sites in recent months, the Islamic Republic
was rapidly increasing the enrichment capacity of its Fordow
site, buried deep underground to withstand any such hit.
The U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency also said in its
quarterly report on Iran that buildings had been demolished and
earth removed at a military site the IAEA wants to inspect, in
what Western diplomats see as a determined effort by Tehran to
clean up any evidence of illicit nuclear-linked tests.
These "extensive activities" at the Parchin complex, the
Vienna-based U.N. agency added, would significantly hamper its
investigation there, if and when inspectors are allowed access.
The building, which the IAEA believes is housing a steel
chamber for explosives tests, has now been "shrouded", the
report said, in a possible attempt to hide it from satellite
In another apparent sign of stonewalling of the IAEA's
inquiry, it said "no concrete results" had been achieved in a
series of high-profile meetings with Iran this year aimed at
allaying concern about its nuclear research.
"Iran's continued enrichment activities ... serve to taunt
all those in the international community concerned by Iran's
nuclear programme," a senior Western diplomat said.
In Washington, the White House said the United States had
made it clear to Iran that it has a limited window of time to
stop its nuclear activity and diplomatic terms offered by the
West would not remain open indefinitely.
"We are closely studying the details of the report, but
broadly speaking it is not surprising that Iran is continuing to
violate its obligations," Press Secretary Jay Carney said.
The IAEA said the number of centrifuges at Fordow, near the
holy Shi'ite Muslim city of Qom, about 130 km (80 miles) from
the capital Tehran, had more than doubled to 2,140 from 1,064 in
May. The new machines were not yet operating, it said.
Iran's supreme leader repeated this week that Iran's nuclear
programme was entirely peaceful. "Our motto is nuclear energy
for all and nuclear weapons for none," Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
told a developing nations summit in Tehran.
But the expansion in enrichment infrastructure and the
stockpiles of nuclear material revealed in the IAEA's report
will do nothing to ease fears or reduce the diplomatic and
sanctions pressure on Iran.
The report may strengthen a belief in Israel - which sees
Iran's nuclear programme as an existential threat - that the
West's tougher economic sanctions against Tehran this year are
failing to make the major oil producer curb its programme.
"This report corroborates what (Israeli Prime Minister
Benjamin) Netanyahu has been saying for years now," an Israeli
official said, referring to his view that the diplomatic process
had only given Iran more time to pursue its programme.
Washington says there is still time for diplomatic pressure
to work. It could be drawn into any Iran-Israeli conflict.
Cliff Kupchan, a Middle East analyst at consultancy Eurasia
Group, said he did not think the IAEA's findings represented a
"game changer" and he believed any U.S. president would attack
if there was an obvious Iranian bid to build a nuclear bomb.
The IAEA said Iran had produced nearly 190 kg (418 pounds)
of higher-grade enriched uranium since 2010, up from 145 kg in
May, although a large part of that had been earmarked for
conversion to reactor fuel. Refined uranium can have both
civilian or military uses, depending on the enrichment level.
Iran says it needs the higher-grade material - which is much
purer than fuel needed for electricity generation - for a
medical research reactor, but it also takes it significantly
closer to making potential bomb material.
Iran would need about 200-250 kg of uranium refined to 20
percent fissile concentration if it wanted to make one bomb, a
decision it is not believed to have taken yet, experts say.
"Iran would not likely want to take the dramatic step of
breaking out of the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) until
it has enough material for several bombs - a point that it will
not likely be able to reach for two years or more," said the
Arms Control Association, a U.S. research and advocacy group.
The IAEA expressed deepening concerns about Parchin, a
military site southeast of Tehran that it wants to inspect for
evidence of past nuclear weapons development tests. "Significant
ground scraping and landscaping have been undertaken over an
extensive area at and around the location," it said.
Five buildings or other structures had been demolished and
power lines, fences and paved roads removed, it said, activities
that would hamper its investigation if granted access.
Iran says Parchin is a conventional military facility and
has dismissed the allegations about it as "ridiculous".