* Dozens killed, wounded in air raid on east Aleppo
* Water shortage in Aleppo worsens after army bombardment
* Govt forces renew shelling of rebel areas of south
* Bus in Homs comes under "terrorist" attack, 4 killed
By Khaled Yacoub Oweis
AMMAN, Sept 9 Syrian warplanes bombed a
residential district of Aleppo on Sunday after rebels overran
army barracks there, killing and wounding dozens of people and
exacerbating a water shortage in Syria's biggest city after a
pipeline burst, activists said.
President Bashar al-Assad has resorted increasingly to
devastating aerial bombardment to keep rebels fighting to
overthrow him in check after they took control of residential
neighbourhoods and made forays into the centre of Aleppo,
Syria's commercial and industrial capital.
The almost 18-month-old uprising has polarised global
powers, preventing effective international intervention, and is
turning increasingly sectarian with the risk of spillover into
adjacent Arab states with similar communal divisions.
Insurgent advances have forced Assad to deploy warplanes,
major armoured forces and thousands of troops to prevent the
fall of Aleppo, which would free up supply lines to the interior
of Syria from Turkey where rebels have sheltered.
Decisive victory has eluded both sides, with rebels lacking
heavy weapons needed to down aircraft and knock out artillery
and Assad loath to send conscript troops of questionable loyalty
into cities to re-establish dominance on the ground.
Instead, government forces have been bombarding population
centres to try to turn residents against rebels dug in there,
according to diplomats following the revolt.
Sunday's air raid destroyed a residential complex in the
Hananu neighbourhood, one of several in eastern Aleppo under
rebel control, opposition activists told Reuters by phone.
The death toll was not immediately clear but dozens of
bodies and wounded people were being dug out from the rubble.
Video footage from the area showed scores of people searching
and digging in the debris of a flattened building.
On-scene details could not be independently verified due to
Syria's severe restrictions on international media access.
WATER CRISIS IN ALEPPO
Aerial bombardment had also wrecked a main water pipeline,
causing serious shortages of water in Aleppo, activists added.
"A water pumping station in al-Mayadeen was hit. There were
rebels in the area, but this is not a justification to bomb
civilian infrastructure," activist Ahmad Saeed said.
A businessman who went from the northwest of the city to
Hananu to bury his grandmother - Aleppo's main cemetery is
situated in the district - said the ground was shaking with
"I passed by several (rebel) Free Syrian Army checkpoints.
The fighters looked quite relaxed. The army was nowhere to be
seen but it was bombing heavily," he said.
The eastern sector of Aleppo has drawn air strikes since
rebels attacked the Hananu barracks and freed scores of army
deserters, opposition campaigners said.
In the capital Damascus, the army continued to shell Sunni
Muslim neighbourhoods supportive of the revolt against Assad,
whose minority Alawite sect has dominated Syria's power
structure for decades.
Shelling again struck the Palestinian refugee camp of
Yarmouk in south Damascus and the adjacent impoverished
neighbourhood of Hajar al-Aswad, home to thousands of refugees
from the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.
Rebels have launched guerrilla attacks on loyalist forces
from Sunni neighborhoods and suburbs that surround Damascus,
while Assad has been increasingly relied on elite divisions
comprised of Alawites to keep overall control of the capital.
Syrian state media said four people were killed in a
"terrorist attack" that targeted a bus in the province of Homs.
The London-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said
civilians and soldiers were in the bus.
Assad, whose family has rule Syria for 42 years, has
repeatedly said the revolt is the handiwork of Islamist
"terrorists" and not a popular movement for democratic change.
The revolt began with peaceful street protests that prompted
a bloody security crackdown, leading to an armed insurgency.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on Sunday she
was pessimistic about closing the gap with Russia on how to
defuse the Syrian conflict before world leaders gather for the
U.N. General Assembly later this month.
Clinton said she made the case for increasing pressure on
Assad in talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Foreign
Minister Sergei Lavrov at a summit of Pacific Rim states in
Vladivostok, Russia over the weekend.
"If we can make progress in New York in the run-up to the
U.N. General Assembly, we can certainly try," Clinton told
reporters. "But we have to be realistic. We haven't seen
eye-to-eye on Syria. That may continue. And if it does continue
then we will work with like-minded states to support the Syrian
opposition to hasten the day when Assad falls."
Chinese and Russian leaders restated their firm opposition
to what they see as U.S. meddling in Syria, a reference to calls
for harsh U.N. sanctions to isolate Assad, for whom Moscow is
Syria's most important ally and arms supplier.
"Our U.S. partners prefer measures like threats, increased
pressure and new sanctions against both Syria and Iran. We do
not agree with this in principle," Lavrov said.
Clinton said she would continue to work with Lavrov to see
if the U.N. Security Council could formally endorse an agreement
brokered by former U.N. Syria envoy Kofi Annan which envisages a
transitional governing authority for Syria.
But she added that such a step would only be effective if it
carried specific penalties if Assad fails to comply - something
Russia has repeatedly resisted.
Turkey, Saudi Arabia and most Arab nations have sided with
their Syrian Sunni co-religionists at the forefront of the