March 20, 2012 / 7:12 PM / 5 years ago

UPDATE 1-Russia says Syrian leadership made "many mistakes"

* Russia seeks to distance itself from Assad

* Says mistakes by leadership have aggravated crisis

* Reiterates that Assad's exit cannot be precondition

By Steve Gutterman

MOSCOW, March 20 (Reuters) - Syria's leadership has made "very many mistakes" that have aggravated the crisis, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in remarks broadcast on Tuesday, seeking to distance Moscow from President Bashar al-Assad amid a diplomatic push for peace.

Lavrov's comments were some of Russia's toughest criticism of Damascus in a year of bloodshed, but he also took aim at the West and reiterated Russia's position that Assad's exit must not be a precondition for a solution to the crisis.

"We believe the Syrian leadership reacted wrongly to the first appearance of peaceful protests and, despite making repeated promises in response to our calls, the Syrian leadership is making very many mistakes," Lavrov told Russian radio station Kommersant-FM.

"The things that it is doing in the right direction, it is doing late," he told Russian radio station Kommersant-FM. "This, unfortunately, has in many ways led t h e conflict to reach such a severe stage."

The comments appeared aimed to dispel the widespread conviction that Russia is Assad's protector and show the world it is driven by principles, not the desire to prop up an ally who has given Moscow its firmest foothold in the Middle East.

Russia has shielded Assad from U.N. Security Council censure by vetoing two resolutions condemning the government for the violence in which, the United Nations says, more than 8,000 civilians have been killed since the start of a crackdown on pro-democracy protests in March 2011.

Lavrov said Russia was ready to endorse a Security Council statement or a resolution backing U.N.-Arab League envoy Kofi Annan's Syrian peace mission as long it does not present an ultimatum to Assad's government.

"The Security Council must approve these, not as an ultimatum but ... as a basis for the continuation of efforts to reach accord between the Syrian government and all opposition groups," Lavrov said after talks with Lebanon's foreign minister.

A Western-drafted statement supporting Kofi Annan's peace efforts and sending a strong message to Damascus to end violence was circulated on Monday by France. Britain's U.N. envoy said he hoped it would be adopted on Tuesday.

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Lavrov also repeated Russia's insistence that Syrian government forces and rebels must cease fire simultaneously - a position that differs starkly to that of the United States, which says the government bears primary responsibility for the violence and must stop first.

Annan's plan entails a ceasefire, access for humanitarian aid and political dialogue with the Syrian opposition.

Russia has repeatedly called on Assad to implement reforms faster but has continued to sell weapons to Syria and, with many Western and Arab nations calling for Assad to step aside, has accused them of meddling in a sovereign state's affairs.

But Lavrov struck a note of indifference about Assad's fate even as he said Russia would not press him to quit.

Asked whether it would be better for Assad to resign and leave Syria for Moscow or Belarus than to end up hiding like former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, he said, "Nobody is inviting him to Moscow. It is up to Assad to decide. He will not decide because Russia is asking him to."

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