LONDON (Reuters) - The use of meldonium, the drug taken by Maria Sharapova, was common in tennis before it was banned, Dick Pound, chair of the World Anti-Doping Agency's investigation into Russian athletics, said on Wednesday.
Five-times grand slam champion Sharapova tested positive for the drug at this year's Australian Open and faces a ban of up to four years, pending an investigation by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).
Pound said Sharapova only had herself to blame for not realising meldonium, which some researchers have linked to increased athletic performance and endurance, had been outlawed since Jan. 1.
He also suggested tennis authorities had been aware that many players were using the drug -- a claim rejected by the ITF.
"Clearly within the tennis circles they were aware that a lot of players were using it, so there must be something in it," Canadian Pound told reporters at a conference on doping.
The ITF, which will provisionally ban former world number one Sharapova from this weekend, issued a statement in response to Pound's comments.
"The monitoring of substances is undertaken by WADA, and so tennis was not aware of the prevalence of meldonium use in 2015 (or before), prior to its addition to the Prohibited List.
"The ITF did not refer meldonium to the WADA list committee," it said.
Sharapova stunned the sporting world on Monday when she said she tested positive for meldonium, a drug available in eastern Europe to treat some heart conditions.
The world's highest-earning sportswoman who raked in $29.7 million last year, according to Forbes magazine, said she had taken the drug, for the past decade to treat health problems.
Pound had no sympathy for the 28-year-old though, saying she had been careless in the extreme.
"No, there is no excuse," Canadian Pound told Reuters.
"This is a woman who won her first Wimbledon title 12 years ago, she is in a sport which is known to have drug problems, she knows she is going to be tested.
"If you are running a $30 million a year sole proprietorship, I'm sorry you damn well make sure that you don't do anything that makes you ineligible."
Pound said as far as he was aware Sharapova had not applied for a therapeutic use exemption (TUE) for meldonium, a product not available in the U.S. where she lives but common in Russia.
He also said her positive test should serve as a warning to all tennis players.
"I think this would wake me up," Pound said. "If you have an IQ higher than room temperature you should stop (using it). There is a test for it and you'll be bounced."
Sharapova, who won Wimbledon as a 17-year-old, could face a four-year ban from tennis.
"There will clearly be a great deal of interest after the last 48 hours in what the ITF do, my guess is we will watch this one very carefully," WADA president Craig Reedie told reporters.
Reporting by Martyn Herman; editing by Toby Davis