| DILI, April 16
DILI, April 16 Two veterans of East Timor's long
struggle for independence vied for the presidency on Monday in
the second round of an election in which voters said they were
most concerned about stability and improving the economy of
Asia's poorest state.
Former independence fighter Francisco Guterres "Lu Olo",
from the opposition Fretilin party, narrowly won the first round
in March 17 polls. He faces Jose Maria de Vasconcelos, known as
Taur Matan Ruak, a former army chief and guerrilla.
The president plays little role in policy but is vital in
underpinning stability in East Timor, which gained independence
from Indonesia in 2002 after a bloody struggle and has vast
offshore gas reserves it is struggling to unlock.
Hundreds of people lined up in the sun at polling stations
across the country, which makes up half of the island of Timor.
Many women wore traditional 'Tais' shawls of woven cloth.
"I have given my vote, and I hope that anyone who is elected
president can open more jobs, embrace different parties and work
well to maintain peace on this land," said Martinho da Costa, a
31-year-old Dili resident.
Unofficial results could come as early as Tuesday with final
results next week.
Economic issues top the agenda for many voters as 41 percent
of East Timor's 1.2 million people live on less than $0.88 per
day, according to a World Bank Report.
The election is evenly balanced but Ruak could have a slight
advantage if he wins the votes of incumbent Jose Ramos-Horta,
according to Sergio da Silva Reis, a political scientist at
Timor Lorosa'e National University.
Ramos-Horta won the Nobel peace prize for his role in the
independence struggle from Indonesia. The former prime minister,
who survived an assassination attempt in 2008, came third in the
first round, losing his bid for re-election.
The presidential election will be followed by parliamentary
elections on July 7, when 25 political parties are expected to
grab seats in the 65-strong parliament.
The former Portuguese colony was occupied by Indonesia in
1975. Its offshore gas reserves are the object of a dispute with
Australia's Woodside Petroleum, which heads a
consortium of firms developing the Greater Sunrise project gas
(Writing by Olivia Rondonuwu; Editing by Matthew Bigg)