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LONDON/ZURICH (Reuters) - Nestle (NESN.S) plans to buy back as much as 20 billion Swiss francs ($20.8 billion) worth of shares over three years, it said on Tuesday, days after U.S. activist shareholder Third Point LLC began a campaign to boost performance at the company.
The New York-based hedge fund, controlled by billionaire investor Daniel Loeb, disclosed a $3.5 billion stake in the company on Sunday when it started pushing for Nestle to more aggressively boost performance and buy back shares.
Nestle, maker of Gerber baby food and Perrier water, said its announcement was the result of a review of its priorities that had begun in early 2017. It did not mention Third Point in its statement, and Third Point declined to comment on the announcement.
However, Nestle's Chief Executive Mark Schneider, who took over at the start of the year, said at the company's first-quarter results presentation in April that he understood from meetings with shareholders they wanted to see "meaningful steps towards improved combinations of growth rates and margins".
These comments and the fact that buyback plans take time to get regulatory approval before being announced mean that Nestle would have submitted the plan before Third Point made its position public late on Sunday.
Kepler Cheuvreux analyst Jon Cox said there was no big surprise in the company's statement, but it had initially planned to release this at its investor day in September.
It was not clear, however, whether feedback that Loeb might have given in a meeting earlier this month was taken into consideration when Nestle crafted the final buyback plan, which will start on July 4.
Vontobel analyst Jean-Philippe Bertschy did not see the announcement as a direct result of Third Point.
"We rather see today's announcement as a thorough strategic review triggered by CEO Mark Schneider, approved by the board," he said, noting that this was Nestle's second-biggest buyback following 25 billion Swiss francs in 2007. The company has bought back 47 billion francs worth of shares since 2005.
"In the context of low interest rates and strong cash flow generation, share buybacks offer a viable option to create shareholder value," the company said.
The volume of monthly share buybacks will depend on market conditions but will probably occur mostly in 2019 and 2020, so Nestle can consider acquisitions before then, it said.
The company now expects to increase its level of debt to about 1.5 times earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) by 2020. That would be up from about 0.8 times last year.
Nestle shares had jumped 4 percent on Monday, adding some $10 billion in market value before falling 1.6 percent on Tuesday, on hopes the push by Third Point would speed up changes under Schneider, who joined the company last year and took over as CEO in January.
On Tuesday, Nestle said it will focus any capital spending on high-growth food and beverage categories including coffee, petcare, infant nutrition and bottled water, as well as growth opportunities in consumer healthcare.
It said this month's announcement that it may sell its U.S. confectionery business was consistent with that approach. It also recently formed a joint venture with R&R Ice Cream to manage its ice cream business.
"The company will continue to adjust its portfolio in line with its strategy and growth objectives," Nestle said. There are other parts of Nestle's business that analysts have speculated could be sold, including its U.S. frozen food business.
Billions of dollars worth of assets are up for grabs as the global packaged food industry adapts to change. For example, Unilever (ULVR.L) is selling its margarine and spreads business and Reckitt Benckiser (RB.L) is selling its mustard business.
Kepler's Cox said the fact that the company said it was targeting spending in consumer healthcare meant "it could be seen on the prowl for assets like Johnson and Johnson's consumer health as well as Bayer's consumer health business".
The pressure placed on the world's largest food group, Europe's most valuable company, shatters perceptions that the Swiss giant with over 2,000 brands is too big to shake up.
CEO Schneider, who had met Loeb this month, seemed to hint at that last week when he told a conference in Berlin: "Size alone does not protect you from the winds of change."
Coupled with a shock $143 billion takeover bid from Kraft Heinz for Unilever in February, it shows the impatience of some investors about how multinationals are adapting to change.
Loeb, who has taken on giants such as Yahoo and Sony (6758.T), has argued that even though Nestle has exposure to promising categories such as coffee and pet food, its shares have underperformed rivals in recent years as it has "remained stuck in its old ways".
"It is rare to find a business of Nestle's quality with so many avenues for improvement," Loeb said in the letter to the fund's investors.
Nestle should set a target for margin growth to improve productivity, double its leverage to fund share buybacks, shed non-core assets and sell the 23 percent stake it owns in French cosmetics group L'Oreal (OREP.PA), he said.
Whereas Unilever and Danone have recently set margin targets for 2020, Nestle has not. It has announced a productivity program to save 1.8 billion Swiss francs by 2020, but has not yet said how much of that would fall to the bottom line.
Analysts have said that Schneider, who will lay out his strategy at an investor event in September, had already seemed more open to listening to the concerns of longtime shareholders, many of which were echoed by Third Point.
Daniel Hauselmann, head of Swiss equities at GAM Investment Management, said much of what Third Point suggested was already being done.
"Nestle is no sleeping giant that does not look after its shareholders," he told Reuters. "I think Nestle should stick to its strategy."
($1 = 0.9618 Swiss francs)
Additional reporting by John Miller and Angelika Gruber in Zurich and Michael Flaherty in New York