U.S. crude stockpiles surged last week, driven by a big rise in imports and inventory build at the key oil hub at Cushing, Oklahoma, while gasoline drew down unexpectedly, the Energy Information Administration said on Wednesday.
Crude inventories USOILC=ECI were up 13.8 million barrels in the week to Feb. 3, compared with expectations for an increase of 2.5 million barrels.
Crude imports USOICI=ECI jumped, rising 1.1 million barrels per day, with a big increase in imports at the Gulf Coast, where crude stocks rose by 10.9 million barrels, the largest weekly rise on record, to 267.6 million barrels. That figure is also a record.
Crude stocks at the Cushing, Oklahoma, delivery hub for U.S. crude futures USOICC=ECI rose 1.1 million barrels, EIA said.
Demand for the feedstock slipped as refinery crude runs USOICR=ECI fell 54,000 bpd and refining utilization rates USOIRU=ECI edged down 0.5 percentage point to 87.7 percent of the nation's total capacity.
Gasoline stocks USOILG=ECI fell 869,000 barrels, versus analyst expectations for a 1.1 million-barrel gain, offsetting some of the bearish crude data.
"It appears gasoline demand as measured for the week has rebounded to near-normal levels, which offsets some of the report's other bearish elements," said John Kilduff, partner at Again Capital LLC in New York.
Oil prices rose after the data, with U.S. crude rebounding into positive territory. By 11:13 a.m., U.S. futures CLc1 were up 30 cents, or 0.5 percent, at $52.47 a barrel, off the day's low of $51.22, as U.S. gasoline futures RBc1 jumped 2.4 percent.
Brent crude LCOc1 gained 43 cents, or 0.8 percent, to $55.48 a barrel.
The rise in oil prices was somewhat surprising, as the big build in stocks undermines expectations for tighter supply. However, industry group American Petroleum Institute reported a slightly bigger crude build of 14.3 million barrels on Tuesday, so the EIA data confirmed already lofty expectations. [API/S]
Speculators have maintained long positions in this market, anticipating further gains in oil as the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries continues to reduce production.
"The crude oil inventory build was really terrible for the market but the market does not seem to care because the products inventories were better than expected and are dragging crude oil prices up with it," said Andrew Lipow, president of Lipow Oil Associates in Houston.
Distillate stockpiles USOILD=ECI, which include diesel and heating oil, rose 29,000 barrels, versus expectations for a 300,000-barrel increase, the EIA data showed.
(Reporting By David Gaffen; Editing by Marguerita Choy)