| NEW YORK
NEW YORK Feb 28 Colon and rectal cancer rates
among younger adults are on the rise in the United States,
suggesting the need for earlier screening, U.S. researchers said
They found that people born in the 1990s are about twice as
likely to be diagnosed with colon cancer as people born in the
middle of the last century.
The trend was even worse for rectal cancers, showing that
younger adults were about four times as likely to be diagnosed
with those cancers versus older adults, the team found.
"The concern is if these increased risks are a bellwether
for future risk," said Rebecca Siegel of the American Cancer
Society, who led the study.
The research is the latest to show a steady increase in new
diagnoses of colorectal cancer among adults under 50.
Better screening has helped lower colon and rectal cancer
diagnoses among people 50 and older, but for those under 50,
routine screening is not recommended.
In the latest study, researchers looked back at 40 years of
data from 490,305 cancer cases. They found that the risk for
colon or rectal cancers among people in their 20s fell between
the late 1800s through the 1940s, when they reached their lowest
level, and then began to increase, the team wrote in the Journal
of the National Cancer Institute.
Among Americans in their 30s, rates of colon cancer
diagnoses rose to 3.2 per 100,000 in 2013, from about 2.7 cases
per 100,000 in 1988. Rates of rectal cancer diagnoses among
these adults rose even more dramatically, jumping to 2.8 cases
per 100,000 people in 2013, from 0.7 cases per 100,000 in 1980.
These increases were occurring even as rates of these same
cancers were falling among older adults, due in large part to
better cancer screening, the team said.
The study did not explore why cancer rates were rising among
younger adults, but Siegel said it may be linked with changes in
physical activity levels and diet.
The American Cancer Society is evaluating the evidence
behind its colon and rectal cancer screening recommendations,
and will consider whether a younger screening age is warranted,
Colon and rectal cancers are among the most common cancers
in the United States. The American Cancer Society estimates that
95,520 cases of colon cancer and 39,910 cases of rectal cancer
will be diagnosed in the country this year.
SOURCE: bit.ly/2lvlVPk Journal of the National Cancer
Institute, online February 28, 2017.
(Reporting by Andrew Seaman in New York; editing by Julie
Steenhuysen and Jonathan Oatis)