* Poll finds men more sympathetic to Assange than women
* Politician says alleged rape was "bad sexual etiquette"
* Case reveals disturbing attitudes to rape - women's groups
By Estelle Shirbon
LONDON, Aug 21 Julian Assange's desperate
attempt to avoid being sent from London to Stockholm to face
questioning over alleged sex crimes has ignited bitter arguments
in Britain over perceptions of rape.
The founder of WikiLeaks has turned his legal travails into
a political issue, causing a diplomatic row by taking refuge in
the Ecuadorean embassy, but a growing number of critics want to
focus attention back onto the allegations of sexual violence.
"Unless you believe there is a global conspiracy to render
Assange to the United States all of these tactics seem to be
just a way of avoiding facing the due process of law," human
rights and civil liberties lawyer Adam Wagner told Reuters.
The allegations against Assange were made by two women, then
supporters of WikiLeaks, whom he met in Sweden in August 2010.
Assange has not been charged. He is wanted for questioning
on suspicion of rape, unlawful coercion and two cases of sexual
molestation. He risks a maximum of four years in jail.
Assange made no mention of this during a 10-minute speech
against what he called a U.S. "witch hunt" of WikiLeaks,
delivered from the balcony of the Ecuadorean embassy on Sunday.
But his diatribe set off a flurry of reactions from media,
women's rights groups and politicians that have shown how little
agreement exists on the issue of sexual crime.
George Galloway, a member of parliament from the tiny
Respect party, said in a video blog on Monday night that Assange
was guilty only of "really bad manners".
He based that view on the fact that one of the women said
she had consensual sex with Assange, using a condom, but later
awoke to find him having sex with her again with no condom.
"It might be really sordid and bad sexual etiquette, but
whatever else it is, it is not rape or you bankrupt the term
rape of all meaning," said Galloway.
The politician is well-known in Britain for his provocative
stances and it was unclear if he had any significant support for
his views, but the widely publicised comments caused outrage.
"I am appalled that a member of parliament could be so
grossly irresponsible as to suggest that sex without consent is
anything other than rape," said fellow lawmaker Jo Swinson of
the Liberal Democrats, who are part of the ruling coalition.
"As a public figure, rather than obsessing on conspiracy
theories he should be sending a very clear signal to any victim
of sexual violence that sex without consent is always rape."
"MYTHS AND VICTIM-BLAMING"
The fallout from the Galloway blog echoed a controversy
raging across the Atlantic over U.S. Republican congressman Todd
Akin's assertion that women had biological defences to prevent
pregnancy in cases of "legitimate rape".
In Britain, Galloway was hotter news than Akin, but the
comments from women's groups could apply to both controversies.
"Those who hold positions of power, or who have a public
platform, have a responsibility to be informed about the law and
not to use their position to promote myths or victim-blaming
attitudes about sexual violence," said a spokeswoman for British
campaign group End Violence Against Women.
Assange says he had consensual sex with the two women. He
has said the timing of the allegations, when WikiLeaks was at
the height of its activity and had infuriated Washington with a
flood of revelations, was "deeply disturbing".
That is dismissed as a conspiracy theory by his many
critics, who include a majority of Britons according to a YouGov
poll. It found that a large majority thought Ecuador should not
protect Assange and he would get a fair trial in Sweden.
Levels of support for Assange were, however, higher among
men than women. The poll, conducted on Aug. 16-17 for the Sunday
Times, found that 31 percent of men supported Ecuador's decision
to grant Assange asylum, versus just 18 percent of women.
"There is a much larger than normal gender gap. Men are far
more sympathetic than women to Mr Assange. This may reflect the
fact that Mr Assange stands accused of rape and sexual assault,"
said Peter Kellner, the president of YouGov.
Passions were stirred by a debate on the BBC's Newsnight
programme on Monday, when former British ambassador Craig Murray
named one of the women making allegations against Assange and
encouraged viewers to research her background on the Internet.
Murray labelled the allegations "dubious" and said they were
part of a "political agenda".
The programme's anchor rebuked him for naming the alleged
rape victim on live television. Fellow guest Joan Smith, a
columnist at the Independent newspaper, said some left-leaning
men were "queuing up to cast aspersions on these women" because
they were sympathetic to Assange's political stance.