HONG KONG (Reuters) - Asia’s equity markets have enjoyed their busiest start to a year in deal terms even as Hong Kong, the region’s most active IPO hub, awaits a series of blockbuster Chinese tech listings.
Companies and investors have taken advantage of buoyant markets to sell blocks of new and existing shares - as seen last week when Naspers (NPNJn.J), the 33 percent owner of Tencent (0700.HK), cashed in part of its holding in the Chinese tech darling for the first time, raising $9.8 billion from the sale of 2 percent.
Asia-Pacific markets have in total hosted $69.1 billion of equity-related deals in the year to March 28 - a 43 percent jump from the same period last year, according to Thomson Reuters data. The rise was led by a 46 percent increase in so-called follow-on deals, including, as well as the Tencent block trade, rights issues of $2.5 billion and $1.9 billion by Woodside Petroleum and Tata Steel respectively to fund expansion plans.
Capital raised via initial public offerings fell by 12 percent to $11.9 billion as Hong Kong, typically the regional leader, remained quiet, raised just $2.8 billion - a figure eclipsed by the $4.2 billion raised on India’s two main exchanges and one dwarfed by the $12.8 billion raised by the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq.
But bankers are confident that Hong Kong will soon reassert itself.
“The second half of the year is looking very robust. Notwithstanding the recent market volatility, the second quarter of this year is going to be much busier than usual, too,” said Bruce Wu, co-head of Citigroup’s Greater China equity capital markets group.
Hong Kong has a lot riding on expectations of a pick-up in IPOs. Rule changes due in the second quarter will overturn the city’s long-held one-share-one-vote principle, ushering in the ability to weight voting rights in favour of company founders.
In theory, the changes should allow the city to better fight back against New York, its closest rival in the battle for the biggest Chinese tech listings. Many companies have to date opted for New York, including Alibaba (BABA.N), precisely because the United States has long allowed weighted voting rights.
“This year will definitely be a huge year for Hong Kong IPOs,” said Li Hang, head of Greater China equity capital markets at CLSA.
“There are a lot of companies that are rushing to go, or hoping to get listed as early as possible. Before, their only choice is the U.S. market, but now they are really thinking about Hong Kong.”
Among those expected to list in Hong Kong are Xiaomi [IPO-XMGP.HK], the Chinese smartphone and appliances maker which is seeking a valuation of up to $100 billion, and Lufax, the online wealth management platform backed by Ping An 000001.SZ valued at $18.5 billion in 2016.
For bankers, the prize is not simply wresting the crown of leading capital-raising centre from New York again. They are also hoping investor enthusiasm for Hong Kong will increase after the territory was dominated for years by the floats of state-owned Chinese groups that few foreign fund managers were interested in.
“When you look at the current listed universe in Hong Kong, it still has an old-economy, financial bias to it. If we get a lot of volume coming through with tech-related, growth-type stocks, it should transform the market into a more interesting space with greater institutional involvement,” said David Binnion, Goldman Sachs’ head of equity capital market distribution and risk for Asia excluding Japan.
Reporting by Jennifer Hughes and Julie Zhu; Editing by Stephen Coates