(Adds interview with FCA enforcement head)
By Kirstin Ridley
LONDON, Nov 29 (Reuters) - A self-styled British trader who conned financial experts and some of his closest friends out of millions of pounds in a nine-year investment scam was sentenced to five years in jail by a London court on Thursday.
Mark Starling, 57, pleaded guilty to fraud and operating a collective investment scheme without authorisation in a case the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), which led the prosecution, said was a warning to others to stay alert and do due diligence.
The FCA said it had halted a Ponzi-style fraud before it expanded, making a small dent in a problem that authorities say costs Britain around 190 billion pounds ($250 billion) per year.
“Even though it was a relatively small fraud, it is one that would have become bigger quickly unless it was stopped,” FCA enforcement head Mark Steward told Reuters, noting that victims are rarely the ones to raise the alarm.
“Fraud deceives the intelligent, not just the gullible, not just the foolish, not just the greedy,” he said.
The FCA said Starling told 24 investors, including an independent financial adviser and a stock broker, that he was making up to 18 percent profit per year on a low-risk trading strategy. They invested almost 3 million pounds.
But Starling only invested 8,000 pounds - and lost around 30 percent. The FCA said he spent the rest on a comfortable lifestyle, his daughter’s private education, holidays, rentals and an investor trip to a Le Mans car racing event in France.
Investors received glossy monthly fund statements showing the growth of their funds and were sometimes able to withdraw funds. But the FCA said Starling funded those payments from other victims’ investments.
The judge said Starling had defrauded investors in an “appalling way” and that “not one word of what (he told investors) was true.”
The scheme collapsed after wealth management company Mattioli Woods checked whether Starling’s funds were appropriate for a client’s pension money.
Starling conceded to Mattioli that he was not FCA registered and that investor funds were held in a personal account. Mattioli then raised the alarm with the FCA in 2016.
One investor said he had known Starling for over 35 years, that the families had taken holidays together and that his wife was godmother to one of Starling’s children.
“With the benefit of hindsight, I feel somewhat idiotic to have been taken in by him,” another told the FCA. ($1 = 0.7824 pounds) (Reporting by Kirstin Ridley; Editing by Toby Chopra and Hugh Lawson)