(Adds oil settlement prices)
By Herbert Lash
NEW YORK, June 15 (Reuters) - A gauge of global equities rebounded on Monday after the Federal Reserve widened its program of buying corporate debt, while crude oil rebounded too on signs fuel demand is recovering and as investors grapple with how to assess the economic reopening.
Stocks jumped after the Fed said its secondary market corporate credit facility would now include an indexing approach that would account for all U.S. corporate debt that satisfied minimum rating, maximum maturity and other criteria.
The wider program starts on Tuesday, the New York Fed said.
The Fed and other major central banks have sparked a rapid recovery in equity markets from a steep plunge in March by enacting a number of fiscal and economic stimulus programs, but investors have been uncertain about the economic recovery.
Fears of a second wave of COVID-19 infections had earlier rocked world markets, knocking down oil prices and major equity indices by more than 2% on Wall Street and Europe, and even more overnight in Asia.
MSCI’s gauge of stocks across the globe gained 0.20% while the pan-European STOXX 600 index closed down 0.27%.
Overnight in Asia, Japan’s Nikkei fell 3.5% and South Korean shares tumbled 4.8%.
On Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 212.56 points, or 0.83%, to 25,818.1. The S&P 500 gained 30.7 points, or 1.01%, to 3,072.01 and the Nasdaq Composite added 148.97 points, or 1.55%, to 9,737.77.
Investors were spooked after China re-introduced restrictions in some areas after Beijing reported its biggest cluster of new infections since February, and new cases and hospitalizations in record numbers also swept through more U.S. states, including Florida and Texas.
Data showed factories in China stepped up production for a second straight month in May, giving investors hope, but also showed sustained contractions in retail sales and investment, suggesting many sectors were still struggling.
News elsewhere also was discouraging. Germany’s Economy Ministry said economic output will fall further in the second quarter than in the first, and it warned the recovery later this year and beyond would be sluggish.
“Markets are pricing a too-optimistic recovery, in my opinion, and there could be a reality check coming rather sooner than later,” said Stephane Ekolo, an equity strategist at TFS Derivatives in London.
Crude oil cut losses and turned higher on signs members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting countries and allies were complying with a production cut, and on signs of rising fuel demand.
Prices rebounded after the energy minister of the United Arab Emirates voiced confidence that OPEC+ countries with poor compliance to agreed cuts would meet their commitments and reported signs oil demand was picking up.
“That seemed to take away some of the market’s negativity,”
“It’s fear about the coronavirus versus the reality of what’s happening on the ground,” said Phil Flynn, senior analyst at Price Futures Group.
U.S. crude future rose 86 cents to settle at $37.12 a barrel, while Brent futures settled up 99 cents at $39.72 a barrel.
U.S. Treasury yields rebounded on the Fed announcement, as investors set aside concerns over the spread of the coronavirus that dented risk appetite and boosted demand for safe-haven bonds.
Benchmark 10-year notes rose 0.3 basis point to yield 0.7002%.
Euro zone bond yields edged down as investors bought safer assets such as government bonds.
Germany’s 10-year bond yield earlier was near a three-week lows at -0.45%.
The dollar fell against a basket of trading currencies.
The dollar index fell 0.485%, with the euro up 0.56% to $1.1317. The Japanese yen was flat versus the greenback at 107.36 per dollar.
“The market was pricing in a V-shape recovery. This can’t be the case if there is indeed a second wave, the best scenario is U-shaped”, said Steven Leung, executive director for institutional sales at Uob Kay Hian.
Worldwide coronavirus cases have crossed 7.86 million with 430,501 deaths, according to a Reuters tally.
Reporting by Herbert Lash; additional reporting by Stephanie Kelly in New York; editing by Jonathan Oatis