October 1, 2018 / 5:04 AM / 4 months ago

Gold dips on increased risk appetite; U.S. rate outlook

BENGALURU (Reuters) - Gold fell on Monday as investors favored riskier assets after the United States and Canada salvaged NAFTA as a trilateral trade pact with Mexico, while expectations that a strong U.S. economy would lead to higher borrowing costs also influenced sentiment.

Gold bars are seen in the Austrian Gold and Silver Separating Plant 'Oegussa' in Vienna, Austria, December 15, 2017. REUTERS/Leonhard Foeger/Files

Spot gold was down 0.3 percent at $1,188.25 per ounce by 11:42 a.m. EDT (1542 GMT), after hitting a six-week low of $1,180.34 in the previous session.

U.S. gold futures for December delivery were 0.4 percent lower at $1,191.80.

“The Canada-U.S. trade agreement has taken some pressure off equity markets. So the initial reaction was capital moving out of commodities into the equities space,” Kitco Metals’ Global Trading Director Peter Hug said.

Gold has seen six consecutive months of losses, its longest monthly losing streak since January 1997, largely due to dollar strength stemming from a buoyant U.S. economy and fears of a global trade war.

Investors have also opted to buy the dollar and U.S. Treasury bonds as safe investments instead of gold.

Optimism about a reconstituted free trade agreement for the United States, Canada and Mexico helped world markets kick off the fourth quarter of the year on a positive note.

Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell last week indicated gradual increases in the cost of borrowing.

This could further boost the U.S. currency, making dollar-priced gold more expensive for holders of other currencies and potentially subduing demand.

“The main news in gold is still related to the Fed. Following Powell’s speech, the market is expecting one more rate hike in December and another three next year,” said ActivTrades’ chief analyst Carlo Alberto De Casa.

The Fed raised U.S. rates last week and said it planned four more increases by the end of 2019 and another in 2020, citing steady economic growth and a robust jobs market.

Higher U.S. interest rates tend to boost the dollar, putting pressure on gold prices by increasing the opportunity cost of holding non-yielding bullion.

“Resistance is around $1,192. If it can’t break through that and settles back down to $1,187-$1,189, I would suspect gold is under pressure and will see a test of $1,180 probably as early as tomorrow,” Hug said.

Speculators raised their net short position in gold in the week to Sept. 25.

Negative sentiment in gold has reflected in liquidations in gold exchange traded funds, with holdings of SPDR GOLD, the largest gold based ETF, falling over four million ounces since hitting a peak in late April.

Palladium dropped 1.5 percent to $1,057.10 an ounce after touching an eight-month high of $1,094.60 in the previous session.

Silver slipped 1.05 percent to $14.45, while platinum rose 1.05 percent to $820.50.

Reporting by Arpan Varghese and Nallur Sethuraman in Bengaluru; Editing by Dale Hudson, Jonathan Oatis and Andrea Ricci

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