WASHINGTON, May 12 (Reuters) - Leading U.S. infectious disease expert Anthony Fauci will warn Congress on Tuesday that moving too quickly to ease restrictions on business and social life will put lives at risk from the coronavirus pandemic and hamper the economic recovery, the New York Times reported.
Fauci’s hearing before a U.S. Senate committee was due to begin at 10 a.m. ET (1400 GMT). The paper said he planned to warn U.S. states not to forge ahead without first meeting administration guidelines for 14 days of declining cases.
The director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Fauci wrote in an email to a Times reporter: “If we skip over the checkpoints ... we risk the danger of multiple outbreaks throughout the country. This will not only result in needless suffering and death, but would actually set us back on our quest to return to normal.”
Others testifying include U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Robert Redfield, Assistant Secretary for Health Brett Giroir and Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Stephen Hahn. Each will testify remotely.
Republican President Donald Trump, who previously made the strength of the economy central to his pitch for his November re-election, has encouraged states to reopen businesses that had been deemed non-essential amid the pandemic.
His administration has largely left it to states to decide whether and how to reopen. State governors are taking varying approaches, with a growing number relaxing tough restrictions enacted to slow the outbreak, even as opinion polls show most Americans are concerned about reopening too soon.
Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer, told MSNBC on Monday: “Dr. Fauci will have the opportunity to testify for the first time with Donald Trump not lurking over his shoulder.”
Schumer urged Fauci: “Tell us the truth. That’s your obligation as an administration official and as an American.” Fauci has taken part in White House task force briefings led by Trump, coordinating Washington’s response to the coronavirus.
Fauci will appear on Tuesday at the Republican-controlled Senate committee after the White House blocked the 79-year-old infectious disease expert from testifying to a Democratic-controlled House of Representatives panel, calling it “counterproductive.”
Fauci, Redfield and Hahn have been taking self-quarantine steps after coming into contact with someone who tested positive for the virus, which causes the highly contagious respiratory disease COVID-19.
Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee Chairman Lamar Alexander is also self-quarantining in his home state of Tennessee for 14 days after a member of his staff tested positive. Alexander will chair the hearing virtually, his office said on Sunday.
The shuttering of businesses to fight the spread of the coronavirus has led to mass layoffs of workers, sparking the greatest economic disruption to the United States since the Great Depression nearly a century ago.
But Trump and his task force have faced questions on how U.S. workers will be kept safe, especially after two White House aides tested positive for the virus.
So far, the coronavirus has killed more than 80,000 people in the United States, the highest death toll of any country. Some experts say testing for the virus in most parts of the country continues to fall short of what would be needed to safely reopen.
Senate Democrats, including Patty Murray, her party’s senior member on the Senate health committee, called on Trump to allocate $25 billion in funding to ramp up testing.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi is expected to unveil a sweeping coronavirus-response bill, possibly this week, that would likely provide more money for testing, new state and local government aid and another round of direct payments to help people meet daily living costs.
Congress has already passed trillions of dollars in emergency relief. Senate Republicans, some of whom have expressed doubts about the need for more federal aid, were due to meet with Trump at the White House on Tuesday.
Reporting by Makini Brice and Richard Cowan; Editing by Howard Goller